Genesis 1:9 mentions waters and heavens: "הַמַּ֜יִם מִתַּ֤חַת הַשָּׁמַ֨יִם֙".

The words "mayim" (waters) and "shamayim" (heavens) are very similar.

Is this a coincidence, or is there some underlying connection between these two words (and concepts)?

  • Check out the previous verses
    – Double AA
    Commented Jan 1, 2021 at 2:40

1 Answer 1


The Talmud gives an answer:

It was taught in a baraita: Shamayim means esh umayim, [fire and water], which teaches that the Holy One, Blessed be He, brought them and combined them together, and made the heavens from them. [Chagigah 12a]

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .