Which yeshivot relocated throughout the 20th century due to war, pogroms, etc.?

For example, I know that The Mir Yeshiva moved to Shanghai in 1941.

Are there any other similar yeshivot?

Do any of them exist today (like in Eretz Yisrael)?

Please provide sources for your answers.


1 Answer 1

  1. Slabodka Yeshiva was originally in Lithuania and after the ravages of WWI and enforced military conscription in the years that followed, they established a branch in Chevron in 1924. Following the Chevron Massacre they then moved again to Yerushalayim.

  2. Ponovezh Yeshiva was founded in 1908 and was also originally located in Lithuania. It moved to Bnei Brak in 1944.

  3. Telz/Telshe Yeshiva was originally in the town of Telz, Lithuania. During the Holocaust, Rabbis Elya Meir Bloch and Chaim Mordechai Katz were on a fund-raising mission in America and realised that their only option to ensure the continuity of the Yeshiva was to relocate the whole yeshiva to Cleveland, Ohio.


There is a good list here which includes in addition to the ones above:

  1. Grodno Yeshiva moved from Grodno, Belarus to New York
  2. Kaminetz Yeshiva moved multiple times within Europe and re-established in Yerushalayim in 1924
  3. Kesser Torah Radomsk (a network of chassidish yeshivos) - re-established as a Kollel in Bnei Brak in the 1940s and since opened in Yerushalayim, Lakewood and Montreal
  4. Lomza Yeshiva - established a new branch in Petach Tikva
  5. Yeshivas Chachmei Lublin - Re-established in Bnei Brak by Rabbi Shmuel Wosner zt"l
  6. Novardok Yeshiva - Grew and added many branches throughout Poland and Lithuania. Destroyed during World War II, Rabbi Yoffen reopened it New York
  7. Pressburg Yeshiva - re-established in Israel after Hitler's invasion of Czechoslovakia
  8. Ramailes Yeshiva - Based in Lithuania. After WWII, Rabbi Yisrael Zev Gustman, who had taught in the yeshiva the war, re-established it in New York City and later in Israel
  9. Slonim Yeshiva - In 1941, Rabbi Yagel fled war-torn Europe and reestablished the yeshiva in Ramat Gan
  10. Frankfurt Yeshiva - The yeshiva closed after the rise of Nazism in the country, and a short time after, Rabbi Breuer escaped and settled in America where he opened Yeshiva Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch
  • @GershonGold - you literally beat me by a second with Slabodka!
    – Dov
    Dec 29, 2020 at 19:06
  • @JoelK I am referring to Yeshivas Knesses Yisrael there was a split. The yeshiva in Lithuania was destroyed during the Holocaust, and re-established by Rabbi Sher in Bnei Brak.
    – Dov
    Dec 29, 2020 at 19:34
  • @Dov As an aside, YKY split again later on - Chevron Geulah remained (in the original Yerushalayim location?) and YKY Chevron moved to Giv’at Mordechai.
    – Oliver
    Dec 29, 2020 at 20:44
  • Thanks both for the clarity!
    – Dov
    Dec 29, 2020 at 20:44
  • 2
    @NoachMiFrankfurt All Novardok yeshivos are daughter institutions.
    – The GRAPKE
    Dec 30, 2020 at 0:51

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .