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Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel (New International Version Christian Bible translation).

Who is Immanuel?

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There are a few views in the commentaries; it really depends on the identity of the mother, who, I should note, is not considered a virgin in Judaism, as the term "עלמה" - "almah" in Hebrew means "young woman", while the Hebrew word for "virgin" is "בתולה" - "betulah", which doesn't appear in the Hebrew verse.

According to Rashi, whose view is also quoted by the Abarbanel, and so also say Chomat Anach, Ibn Ezra and Malbim, the young woman is the wife of Isaiah and therefore Immanu-el is the son of Isaiah.

According to a second view brought by the Abarbanel, Metzudat David and Radak, the young woman is the wife of King Achaz and therefore Immanu-el is the son of Achaz.

A third view mentioned by the Abarbanel is that the young woman is the daughter of King Achaz and therefore Immanu-el is the grandson of Achaz.

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  • Wait, you mean it's not referring to someone born literally hundreds of years later who couldn't possibly be giving a sign to Achaz as the verse clearly indicates the child is supposed to be doing?????????
    – Yehuda
    Oct 11 '21 at 13:59

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