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In the book of Judges Jephthah, judge of Israel and leader of the Israelite army, tells the king of the Ammonites (chapter 11 verse 24):

"Do you not hold what Chemosh your god (elohim) gives you to possess? So we will hold on to everything that HaShem our God (Elohim) has given us to possess".

These words have left me very perplexed, because it seems that Jephthah believes in the real existence of Chemosh as a deity, and that he has the power to assign their land to the Ammonites, similarly to what HaShem did with Israel.

How does the Jewish tradition interpret this passage?

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    It seems to me that he is just using the logica of belief against those to whom the speaker is speaking -- "don't you believe that you should have what your god gave you in the same way that we should have what our God gave us?" The Ralbag says it was said mockingly -- "your god has no power to give anything, unlike our God" – rosends Nov 12 at 17:25
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According to the Ramban (Exodus 20:3, Leviticus 18:25), God appointed ministers over the different lands, apart from Israel, which he attends to himself. It may be that Jephthah was referring to the appointed ministers, who are also called "gods" (he identifies these as the "other gods" of the second commandment).

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