The name YHWH is associated with mercy whereas the name Elokim is associated with justice (Refer to Rashi on Devarim 3:24 quoting the Sifrei here).

I noticed that the name of YHWH is used exclusively in the story of destroying Sodom, no name of Elohim (Genesis.19.1-20).

Why the holy name of mercy is used exclusively in this devastating story?

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  • @JoelK "שֶׁנֶאֱמַר וַיַּרְא ה' כִּי רַבָּה רָעַת הָאָדָם, וַיֹּאמֶר ה' אֶמְחֶה, (ברא' ו') וְהוּא שֵׁם מִדַּת רַחֲמִים: is totally illogical to me: I'd say exactly the opposite YHWH saw and then He turned Elohim. How does exterminating life is mercy? Same here in Sodom.
    – Al Berko
    Nov 24, 2020 at 19:02

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Perhaps to show that god was trying to be compassionate: He was willing to listen to all of Avraham's pleas. God was looking for an excuse to spare the cities.

The verse specifically says that God only left Abraham after he finished his pleas. If God's attributes of judgment would have prevailed, perhaps He would have not have been inclined to hear out Avraham's arguments. And Lot would have been collateral damage as well.

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    If you read the negotiation carefully (and interpreters also) you might notice that God didn't try to spare Sodom but praise Abraham's merit as the one being merciful.
    – Al Berko
    Nov 24, 2020 at 19:04

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