Chulin, chapter 9, mishna 6, is discussing the ritual impurity imparted by a dead sheretz (animal of any of certain types). Note that the impurity is imparted only by a dead animal. The mishna says (in my own, loose translation):

A sheretz's egg containing a sufficiently formed fetus does not impart impurity; if one punctured it a bit, it does. A sheretz generated from the ground that is still half earth: if one touches the flesh, he's impure; the earth, he's pure. Rabbi Y'huda says: if he touches even the ground that is near the flesh, he's impure.

(In the latter case, the commentaries explain, Rabbi Y'huda is referring to the earth that would be expected to turn into the rest of the sheretz. In the case of the egg, the puncture gives access to the embryo and thus to the impurity.)

The mishna does not say that these animals (the fetus and the earth-generated sheretz) are dead. Normally, though, a sheretz imparts impurity only if dead. So my question is: Is the mishna referring to a dead animal only, and fails to say so because it's obvious, or is it referring even to a live animal, and a live animal imparts impurity in this case because, not being fully formed, it's not yet considered alive and thus considered dead?

  • If we say that it's not alive, can we assume that it's dead?
    – kouty
    Nov 6, 2020 at 4:19

2 Answers 2


According to Tiferes Yisroel there working off the relevant sugya, this sheretz is unlike other sheratzim. There is a gizeiras hakasuv declaring it tamei, it is not working with the regular rules of death causing impurity. In other words, in order to clarify, the premise of the question is incorrect.

טמא: ואילה"ק מ"ש מאזוב מדברי שאינו בכלל סתם אזוב שכתבה תורה. [בחולין פ"ב ב'] ה"נ האי עכבר וודאי אינו בכלל עכבר סתם שכתבה תורה. י"ל שאני הכא דרביא קרא במלת בשרץ יתירה [כש"ס]:

  • I don't see how this answers the question. Can you edit to clarify, please?
    – msh210
    Oct 6, 2020 at 23:46

Rashi to that passage (on Chullin 126b) says it's about a case where the half-earth creature has not yet fully formed, so your latter guess seems most likely.

Chullin 75a makes clear that a living animal can under no circumstances be impure or cause impurity.

  • Rashi does say it's not yet fully formed, but so do the other commentators on the mishna and I included that in my question ("that is still half earth"). My question stands despite knowing that. I understand that a living creature cannot cause impurity, and asked my question anyway (as I said in the question, "a live animal imparts impurity in this case because, not being fully formed, it's not yet considered alive and thus considered dead"). Basically, this answer post repeats stuff I already included in the question post and gives me no new info.
    – msh210
    Oct 6, 2020 at 17:32
  • @msh210 I don't think saying 'it's half earth' is at all the same as saying 'it's not yet fully formed', but you're welcome to wait for any of the other people queuing up to give you their response if you're dissatisfied. You're welcome.
    – Zarka
    Oct 6, 2020 at 19:53
  • What if you used a bound live animal as a Golel or Dofek?
    – Double AA
    Oct 7, 2020 at 0:05
  • This does not provide an answer to the question. To critique or request clarification from an author, leave a comment below their post. - From Review Oct 7, 2020 at 0:57
  • @DoubleAA Given that a live animal can’t become tamei under any circumstances - and given that using it as a golel or dofek is a circumstance - it seems fairly clear that it would not be tamei.
    – Zarka
    Oct 7, 2020 at 4:50

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