Is "psychological damage" a notion that is accepted in Jewish law -- that is, the notion that, beyond physical harm, financial cost, loss of income, etc., there is damage to mental health?

The Mishna [Baba Kamma 83b] tells us that one who injures another becomes liable for five things: damages, pain, medical expenses, loss of livelihood, and mental anguish (sometimes translated as humiliation or indignity): מתני׳ החובל בחבירו חייב עליו משום חמשה דברים בנזק בצער בריפוי בשבת ובושת.

How, exactly, is that last one interpreted in halacha? Examples? The Mishna appears to begin with a physical injury ("one who injures another"). Is that the case (that is, if the offender is only guilty of stealing, does the mishna apply)?

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    +1 But the answer is it doesn't. I remember when I was a kid learning Bava Kamma for the first time it bothered me that when you kill someone's most precious favorite pet cow all you pay him back is the value of a cow.
    – user6591
    Commented Aug 28, 2020 at 18:12
  • You were taught that injuring someone includes actions that do no physical harm to him? That was part of my question. Commented Aug 28, 2020 at 20:01
  • What? I was taught, as per the Talmud, that mental anguish plays no part in compensation. Whether it is direct physical harm to their person or possessions.
    – user6591
    Commented Aug 28, 2020 at 20:04
  • Boshes (embarrasment) is one of the categories of damage that must be reimbursed. Also the cost of healing the damage to mental health would be counted as medical expenses. Commented Aug 28, 2020 at 21:08
  • @sabahillel Boshes is a very specific point, but a good one nonetheless, more of a question than an answer really. Your claim about the cost of healing mental health would need a source more noteworthy than your comment.
    – user6591
    Commented Aug 28, 2020 at 21:23


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