Is believing that the Adam & Eve story was a parable and not to be read literally, considered Kefira (heresy)? Are there any Gedolim that sanction this position? I know there are other very similar questions regarding the story of Adam & Eve as parable, but the basis of my question regards the “appropriateness” or the “kosherness” of claiming a belief that the story is meant as parable.

I should qualify my question by letting you know that this small clip led to my wonder of whether such a statement (50 seconds long) can be called heretical or not: https://youtu.be/AXF0AIQrr8I

  • 2
    I think of it as a parable based on a true story. The only value the story has for us is as a parable. Anyone who insists the story be read literally with nothing to learn from it is completely missing the point, and that is probably kefira.
    – simyou
    Aug 3, 2020 at 8:07
  • @simyou similarly, anyone who says it's a simple parable is definitely a heretic as well. The question is if it's a deep parable.
    – Double AA
    Aug 3, 2020 at 11:33
  • @DoubleAA definitely a heretic? Bit strong...
    – AKA
    Aug 3, 2020 at 16:47

1 Answer 1


Adding my grain of salt here:

ספורנו בראשית ג א

וְהַנָּחָשׁ. 'הוּא שָׂטָן הוּא יֵצֶר הָרָע', ... וְעַל זֶה הַדֶּרֶךְ קָרָא בָּזֶה הַמָּקום אֶת הַיֵּצֶר הָרָע הַמַּחְטִיא "נָחָשׁ", בִּהְיותו דּומֶה לְנָחָשׁ

Seforno Bereshit 3:a

And the serpent: It's is the Satan, it's is the yetzer hara...according to this line of thought the yetzer hara, the tempter, is called serpent, because it's like a serpent...

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