6

Before saying the blessings relevant to havdala on motzei shabbos, we (Ashkenazim) include a bunch of p'sukim:

  • "הִנֵּה אֵל יְשׁוּעָתִי אֶבְטַח וְלֹא אֶפְחָד כִּי עָזִּי וְזִמְרָת יָהּ יְהוָה וַיְהִי לִי לִישׁוּעָה. וּשְׁאַבְתֶּם מַיִם בְּשָׂשׂוֹן מִמַּעַיְנֵי הַיְשׁוּעָה" (Yeshayahu 12:2-3)
  • "לַיהוָה הַיְשׁוּעָה עַל עַמְּךָ בִרְכָתֶךָ סֶּלָה" (Tehillim 3:9)
  • "יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת עִמָּנוּ מִשְׂגָּב לָנוּ אֱלֹהֵי יַעֲקֹב סֶלָה" (Tehillim 46:12)
  • "יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת אַשְׁרֵי אָדָם בֹּטֵחַ בָּךְ" (Tehillim 84:13)
  • "יְהוָה הוֹשִׁיעָה הַמֶּלֶךְ יַעֲנֵנוּ בְיוֹם קָרְאֵנוּ" (Tehillim 20:10)
  • "לַיְּהוּדִים הָיְתָה אוֹרָה וְשִׂמְחָה וְשָׂשֹׂן וִיקָר" (Esther 8:16) [Then we add "כן תהיה לנו"]
  • "כּוֹס יְשׁוּעוֹת אֶשָּׂא וּבְשֵׁם יְהוָה אֶקְרָא" (Tehillim 116:13)

What is the history of these p'sukim prefacing the b'rachos of havdala, and what is their significance? Why these specific verses over any others?

  • The connection seems to be yeshua, but I don't know the connection to Havdala/Yetzias shabbos. – YDK Nov 21 '11 at 2:37
  • I bet its to save the souls from going back to gehenom. Also, the verses refer to various parts of the havdalah service itself. (or and Kos) – avi Nov 21 '11 at 6:39
  • 1
    The German minhag does not include bullets 4 and 5. – JXG Nov 23 '11 at 16:28
  • @JXG I have wondered if the reason for this is to specifically have 6 verses parallel to the 6 week days. – Joseph K. Strauss Mar 7 '17 at 18:52
3

See the Rema on Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 296:1, which brings 3 (or maybe 4) of the verses (but in a different order), and says it is for a "Siman Tov", a good sign.

See Dayan Raskin's Siddur (footnote 8) where he discusses the various sources for the different verses we say before the blessings.

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .