Q - how does being an inadvertant catalyst for change/mitzvos/teshuva/etc get rewarded - since they didn't do anything

I heard a psak from the Radvaz (regarding the validity of the sale of Olam haBa) that after saying that the seller lost the reward for any mitzvos that he had done by selling it /regretting have done them (Kiddushin 40b) - that he nonetheless receives a portion because he was the catalyst of a major kiddush haShem (as people saw the Olam haBa is real)

My problem with this - is how does this fit into reward and punishment?

  • The seller, had no intention to bring about the kiddush haShem. He just "got lucky" that the Radvaz made it a public court case (so if anyone deserves the credit it should have been the Radvaz).
    • Moreso, it was actually the seller's act of wickedness (not believing in/ regretting / selling his Olam haBa) that brought it about. How does this fit in the concept of reward and punishment? Essentially, he's getting rewarded (in Olam haBa) for doing a sin.
    • Why don't we apply the same concept to Paroah (or other rasha) - as Paroah's persecution of the Jews in Egypt led to a tremendous revelation of Hashem?

Aside from understanding the above, I'm also wondering how/if this same concept applies to a sick person, the sick person may bring about others to say tehillim, etc. Why would this benefit him/her as he/she is not doing anything. They're just a victim (and should get the benefits that yissurim bring, but why get credit for other people's response.

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