What killed the concubine of givah.
What is the natural explanation.

It does not seem natural that mass rape can kill someone overnight.

Source please

  • 1
    I would argue that it was a combination of both physical and mental exhaustion coupled with mass stress and fear. Also, the Tanach doesn't describe what was exactly done to her - you know, step by step - so it's entirely possible, perhaps even probable - that a rough group of men would act severely violent towards her, further adding to the weakness that came from the situation.
    – Harel13
    Commented Apr 19, 2020 at 4:51
  • @Harel13 it seems commentaries only bring that she was raped not any other damage sefaria.org/Judges.19.25?with=Commentary&lang=bi
    – hazoriz
    Commented Apr 19, 2020 at 4:56
  • Well, rape often includes violent acts--one does not need to look at it as a separate act, but as part of the rape itself. So you could say it was "just" rape - but what did that rape include? I would therefore say all that I wrote in my above comment.
    – Harel13
    Commented Apr 19, 2020 at 5:10
  • It is certainly possible that the rape killed her. For example, during wartime, enemy soldiers would sometimes rape women til dead. This evil act is probably responsible for her death. I agree with @Harel13.
    – Turk Hill
    Commented Apr 19, 2020 at 5:10
  • @TurkHill source please
    – hazoriz
    Commented Apr 19, 2020 at 5:11

1 Answer 1


On verse 19:26 the Metzudat David states that she died from the exhaustion of the multiple raping.

ותפול. מחמת חולשת רוב הבעילות נפלה בפתח ולא הוסיפה לקום, ושכבה עד אור הבוקר, ומתה:‏

He says the same thing later in 20:5:

ותמת. מרוב בעילות האונס:‏

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