As of late, there has been a controversy in various Jewish communities around the world. Certain Rabbis and certain individuals have actively circumvented the preventative measures to help stop the Coronavirus. In specific instances there have been leaders outright arguing Coronavirus is less dangerous than closing Yeshivas to prevent Coronavirus.
My question relates to the nature of murder in Jewish law. I understand that disease may have not been fully fleshed out (in terms of scientific understanding of diease at the time) when our murder laws were first codified and established. That being said, does Halacha exist which is specific to the spread of disease (the reckless spread of disease through a lack of care and the resulting deaths that may follow) and how a Jew may be held liable for disease death in the same way they would other forms of reckless death.
If a Rabbi didn't take the issue seriously enough and their community suffered deaths as a result of not following through on the virus prevention techniques, are they not considered responsible for not decreeing changes to practice for safety?
- Weddings were held regardless of the gathering ban.
- Minyans were held regardless of the gathering ban.
- Yeshivas aren't closed even when local secular officials have declared a state of emergency and require closures.
- Mikvahs were kept open regardless of the disease risk.
We now know how this is spreading and we know for a fact that certain types of behavior are causing this to spread faster. The Jewish community as a whole has suffered dearly from inflated infection rates and deaths have followed.
Is there a responsibility on the leadership (whether spiritually or otherwise) which actively ignored preventative measures? What does Halacha have to day about this?