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וְשָׁם יָנוּחוּ יְגִיעֵי כֹחַ

What does the word שָׁם refer to in יוֹם שַׁבָּתוֹן and where will the יְגִיעֵי כֹחַ rest?

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This fragment is actually a quotation from Sefer Iyov (3:17):

שָׁם רְשָׁעִים חָדְלוּ רֹגֶז וְשָׁם יָנוּחוּ יְגִיעֵי כֹחַ:‏

In the original pasuk, the reference is to death (or the grave; but same idea).

In the song, "Sham" refers to Shabbat itself.

I would suggest that the context of the quotation lends itself to (as in Rony's answer) the wicked resting from Gehinnom on Shabbat, and a hint of the final stage of creation, the eternal shabbat:

לעתיד לבוא ליום שכלו שבת מנוחה לחיי העולמים:‏

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From the Ya'avetz: Noah sent the Yonah (dove?) the seventh day which was Shabath and it finally found a place to rest. In addition Knesset Yisrael which is meshula (analogic to? symbolized by?) the yonah will find rest in Shabatah. In addition the Gehenom so-called is "closed" in Shabath so the reshayim have a day of rest. My addition: Sham which generally means a place is here used in the sense of a "place in time" .

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