How is Dina d’malkhuta transferred from one nation/state/malkutha to another? Does land enter a state where it has no malkhuta or does it go directly from one malkhuta to another?
If a nation has an ongoing dispute with another nation under which malkhuta are the jews that live in the disputed territory?
E.g. Are jews living in San Francisco under Ohlone Dina d’malkhuta?
Are jews who live on Native American reservations under the Dina de malkuta of the native nation of that reservation or the United States?
I am wondering about this particular case: the expulsion of the Cherokee, the Muscogee, the Seminole, the Chickasaw, and the Choctaw Nations— The Five Civilized Tribes from their ancestral homeland in the South Eastern United States.
In 1830 the US Congress passed and President Andrew Jackson signed a law allowing the expulsion from their ancestral homelands to lands West of the Mississippi River. Andrew Jackson led the expulsion. The expulsion resulted in the deaths of ~18,000 Natives in the Conflict to resist the expulsion and in the forced march beyond the Mississippi to Indian Terriroty known as the Trail of Tears.
But in this case the executive actually disobeyed the law of his own country. Andrew Jackson notoriously ignored and violated a set of United States Supreme Court Rulings affirming tribal rights and sovereignty in their ancestral homeland.
So Andrew Jacksonn acted against the Dina of his own Malkhuta, his actions were illegal.
Are Jews living in the former lands of the Five Civilized Tribes under the Dina d’malkutah of the tribe of that land?
Does it matter if the yid is of native descent or not?
It should not have bearing on the question but for context: I have a family mesorah of Cherokee Ancestry.