Based on the consequences of alien fires (unsanctioned strange fires which weren't given permission) that Nadav and Avihu brought (Parshas Shemini, Leviticus 10:1), what is the Torah's perspective on illegal immigration (illegal aliens)? And would this exclude a Ger Toshav?

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It depends on what type of "alien" or "foreigner" the person is. There are two types of "foreigners" mentioned in the Torah.

One is called a זר, loosely translated as "stranger" or outsider. These people are absolutely forbidden to even approach any Israelite as it says in Bemidbar 18:4:

וְזָ֖ר לֹא־יִקְרַ֥ב אֲלֵיכֶֽם׃

A stranger shall not come near to you

The second type of foreigner is called a גר. Regarding these people, the Torah says:

תּוֹרָ֣ה אַחַ֔ת יִהְיֶ֖ה לָֽאֶזְרָ֑ח וְלַגֵּ֖ר הַגָּ֥ר בְּתוֹכְכֶֽם׃

There shall be one law for the citizen and for the stranger who dwells among you.

So if someone is a גֵּ֖ר, we see not only is he allowed to live with Israelites, but, he has the same laws as them.

There are numerous halachot regarding what classifies a person as a גר vs. a זר that are beyond the scope of my explaining it, here. You'd have to ask a גר Hassid about the details.

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