Based on the idea of quantum mechanics, Erwin Schrödinger proposed his famous "Schrödinger's cat" idea, which is a cat that is both alive and dead until observed.

Is Schrödinger's cat inscribed for a year of Life and Death, and then subsequently erased from one of those books once observed?

And is there an Issur of Shochet to observe the cat on Shabbos or Yom Tov?

This question is Purim Torah and is not intended to be taken completely seriously. See the Purim Torah policy.

  • Perhaps the murderer is put into a superposition himself? – DonielF Mar 3 '20 at 5:20
  • Your latter question seems to be a duplicate of judaism.stackexchange.com/q/40367/170 – msh210 Mar 3 '20 at 7:04
  • Yes but the difference here, is observation. Can watching something be tantamount to Shechting? On the one hand, you didn't touch a thing. On the other, your observation caused a premature execution. – Moshe Mar 3 '20 at 7:07
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    Moish, your purim Torah really follows the Talmudic adage, יגעתי ומצאתי תאמין – Dr. Shmuel Mar 3 '20 at 14:00
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    What about mocheik as well – Daniel Mar 5 '20 at 0:15

א"ר כרוספדאי א"ר יוחנן שלשה ספרים נפתחין בר"ה אחד של רשעים גמורין ואחד של צדיקים גמורין ואחד של בינוניים צדיקים גמורין נכתבין ונחתמין לאלתר לחיים רשעים גמורין נכתבין ונחתמין לאלתר למיתה בינוניים תלויין ועומדין מר"ה ועד יוה"כ זכו נכתבין לחיים לא זכו נכתבין למיתה

(Gemara Rosh HaShanah 16b)

"Rabbi Kruspedai said that Rabbi Yoḥanan said: Three books are opened on Rosh HaShana (before the Holy One, Blessed be He:) One of the completely wicked people, and one of the completely righteous people, and one of middling people (whose good and bad deeds are equally balanced). Wholly righteous people are immediately written and sealed for life; wholly wicked people are immediately written and sealed for death; and middling people are left with their judgment suspended from Rosh HaShana until Yom Kippur, (their fate remaining undecided). If they merit, (through the good deeds and mitzvot that they perform during this period,) they are written for life; if they do not so merit, they are written for death."

(from Sefaria's translation)

Question #1

"Schrödinger's cat", is (on erev R"HaShannah, hidden from sight) living in both the state of life and death. Therefore, it cannot be considered "completely" or "wholly" righteous or wicked, since it is neither completely or wholly one thing or the other at this point.

Therefore, on R"H, it cannot be inscribed in the Book of Life or Death. However, since it is considered as having aspects of both life and death at the same time, then it is a "Beinoni" by definition (middle group).

So the cat has its judgment suspended until Yom Kippur.

But, since no matter how estranged or how non-religious a Jew may unfortunately be.... it is well known that EVERY JEW is OBSERVANT on Yom Kippur!

Therefore, by Yom Kippur, the cat will be observed. At that point it will be inscribed into its proper book.

Question #2

The cat (before being observed) is both in a potential state of life and death at the same time. This is a Halachic "Safek" (doubt) #1.

Opening the box on Shabbos, will either determine that the cat is now dead or alive. But we do not know which will be. This is Halachic "Safek" (doubt) #2.

Since before opening the box, the cat may be considered possibly dead, and now opening the box merely causes potential taking of life... then the whole act of opening the box is merely a S'fek S'fekah and is permitted on Shabbos.

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    Every Jew is observant - but how do we know the cat is Jewish? – Harel13 Mar 3 '20 at 6:00
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    The cat is both Jewish and non-Jewish! – Moshe Mar 3 '20 at 6:09
  • I don't understand how there's 2 doubts. The second doubt sounds like the same doubt #1? – Moshe Mar 3 '20 at 6:10
  • First, opening the box might be an observation that kills the cat, or it might be an observation that causes the cat to live. But, even if it turns out that it kills the cat, it is still possible from a Halachic standpoint, that the cat's status was one of "already dead" to begin with. – David Kenner Mar 3 '20 at 11:34
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    The cat is obviously from the Katz family. So its a Cohen. Therefore it is Jewish. – David Kenner Mar 3 '20 at 11:41

Is the cat awake or asleep?

If he is awake, the odds are even that he will be alive or dead upon observation and the matter is entirely in the hands of Heaven.

But if he is asleep, we must remember that the Talmud says that sleep is 1/60 of death, so upon observation there is a 31/60 chance he will be dead, and only a 29/60 chance he will be alive. This means we must consider him dead for practical purposes.

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    If the cat is sleeping, we go after Rov... – Moshe Mar 3 '20 at 1:14

Since Hashem knows exactly what will happen, then we can considered that Hashem (or even the Malach Hamaves) is already observing the cat. Thus, Hashem knows what state the cat is in and will have already written it into the correct book. Also, since the book of life and the book of death are based on the decree that Hashem has given for each person on Rosh Hashanah, then it would still be written in the correct book.

  • If Quantum Physics could be used to assume Hashem is never the "Observer" (in order to grant "free choice" in our world triggered by the observations of man alone,) then Omniscience of the Creator would not be a factor to the cat. – David Kenner Mar 3 '20 at 3:24
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    @DavidKenner Also, since the book of life and the book of death are based on the decree that Hashem has given for each person on Rosh Hashanah, then it would still be written in the correct book. – sabbahillel Mar 3 '20 at 3:30
  • So, you subscribe to the hidden variable theory? – einpoklum Mar 3 '20 at 11:49
  • Hashem knows exactly what state the cat's in. It's (1/sqrt2) (|alive> + |dead>). If we see Hashem as observing whether the cat is |alive> or |dead>, that would have experimental consequences that we don't see, as @einpoklum says. – Heshy Mar 3 '20 at 13:56
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    Hashem's observations do not cause waveforms to collapse. "My ways are not your ways," and all that. – EvilSnack Mar 4 '20 at 13:34

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