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I would like to know if the "deep sleep" of Abraham (Genesis 15.12) is literally a "sleep", or a state of "trance" as The Midrash of Philo says (15.12). What does the biblical term mean? Also, according to Daniel 8:18, the prophet fell to the ground. Are we meant to think that Abraham also fell to the ground?

  • The Hebrew word (Tardema) is used to refer to actual sleep (in Genesis 2:21) and also a prophetic stupor state (according to many commentators) in other places. It is a matter of interpretation as to what it means here with some commentators equating it to sheina (sleep) and others, to something else. – rosends Nov 28 '19 at 1:15

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