The Gemara Sanhedrin 74b reads:
נכרי דאמר ליה להאי ישראל קטול אספסתא בשבתא ושדי לחיותא ואי לא קטילנא לך ליקטיל ולא לקטליה שדי לנהרא ליקטליה ולא ליקטול מ"ט לעבורי מילתא קא בעי
If a non-Jew tells a Jew: cut this plant on Shabbos and throw it to [my] animals, or else I'll kill you -- cut it and don't be killed. But [cut it and] throw it into the river! -- be killed rather than cut; why? He seeks to make the Jew transgress.
(Codified in Rambam Yesodei HaTorah 5:2)
What about a case such as what sometimes happened with the Nazis? They imprisoned, killed, and tortured Jews no matter what the Jew said or believed. It didn't matter if someone renounced their faith or professed another one. And yet there were times when they'd threaten to kill observant Jews if they didn't break shabbos or yom kippur, spit on the rabbi, or the like -- not because they would have been satisfied if Jews gave up Judaism, but just out of sadism.
Does that qualify as they are attempting to make Jews transgress? (I know there's a story in the Yated's obituary of Rabbi Joseph Elias zt'l where as a young student he felt this was, but is this discussed in the rabbinic literature?)