"... we get on average about one new star per year, and one star dying each year as a planetary nebula in the Milky Way.... therefore there are about 275 million [born] per day, in the whole observable Universe. (from cornell.edu)

How can this phenomenon be explained in Judaism, where, seemingly, G-d ceased creation of heavenly bodies on the 4th day?

  • 8
    What about vegetation, animals, people, etc.?
    – Alex
    Commented Oct 31, 2019 at 12:35
  • 1
    Please see my comment to SabbaHillel in his answer. Also, I don't understand why this question is receiving down votes. It's fine and also on topic. Commented Oct 31, 2019 at 13:00
  • It could be that G-d created the big bang and allowed nature to take command. Or, it could be that new animals and people are a creation every day, including stars.
    – Jonathan
    Commented Oct 31, 2019 at 13:20
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    From where do you see that G-d ceased creation of heavenly bodies?
    – Loewian
    Commented Oct 31, 2019 at 13:25
  • How can constant creation of new humans and animals be explained theologically? The question does not make sense.
    – Jonathan
    Commented Oct 31, 2019 at 15:41

1 Answer 1


They are not created, they are formed by means of the natural laws from preexisting matter. This has nothing to do with yesh mai-ayin (creation from nothing) which occurred at the very beginning.

We usually talk of star formation in terms of the gas mass that is converted into stars each year.

Indeed as Rashi and others point out on Bereishis 1:14 Yesh mai-ayin could have occurred only at the very beginning and that all other creations were formed upon the command of Hashem at the beginning of each day from the now existing primordial material..

And God said, "Let there be luminaries in the expanse of the heavens, to separate between the day and between the night, and they shall be for signs and for appointed seasons and for days and years.

As Rashi said

Let there be luminaries, etc.: They were created on the first day, and on the fourth day, He commanded them to be suspended in the sky, and likewise, all the creations of heaven and earth were created on the first day, and each one was fixed in its proper place on the day that was decreed upon it. That is why it is written:“with the heavens (אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם) to include their products,”and with the earth (וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ)," to include its products. — [Gen. Rabbah 1:14]

  • 1
    You are right on target, SabbaHillel. You should consider including the blessing from before morning Shema, "המחדש בטובו בכל יום תמיד מעשה בראשית כו׳". It is extremely relevant to what you have in your answer. Commented Oct 31, 2019 at 12:58
  • @Loewian This is a general understanding related to everything in the six days of creations. The first 'Yesh miYesh' mentioned explicitly was Chava. Commented Oct 31, 2019 at 14:56
  • @sabbahillel That's the meaning of the posuk we say in the blessing cited in my comment to you. All Jews who recite the blessings for Shema declare this every day. Commented Oct 31, 2019 at 14:57
  • How smart we are after somebody else discovered it. This isn't and never was the official Jewish stand - we sincerely believed what Rashi (Midrash) said - everything was created on the first round. You completely forget Rambam (Aristo) that claims that the celestial bodies are nothing physical - they are spiritual beings, so they are definitely not "born from dust".
    – Al Berko
    Commented Oct 31, 2019 at 17:22
  • @AlBerko Where does the Rambam day this Commented Oct 31, 2019 at 18:51

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