There are a number of similar sounding questions to the one you posed which can be confusing, so while Alex's answer is indeed correct, it's helpful to understand the different issues so you can understand why some sources might "seem" to disagree. Here's the background:
The rabbinic command of kindling lights on Friday evening is to have enough lights for all your needs that night when you can't kindle new lights and, for purposes of household harmony, need to be able to see so you don't trip on or bump into things. So if your question is "what does one need to do" it's that. Everyone agrees to this.
The question dealt with in classic works is what happens if "as much as you need at night" is actually zero? Consider people who, living at extreme latitudes, would begin Shabbat early and go to sleep before dark in the summer. They would kindle lights for the duration of their meals and then go to sleep. Some Rishonim held that since the lights were never actually used to help see things (as you can already see everything in the daylight), any blessing on those lights was in vain since they don't accomplish any commandment. Other Rishonim held that since the lights add to the atmosphere of the evening meal or since they help a little bit with seeing things as it gets close to nightfall, the lights do accomplish the rabbinic command by serving your needs and thus the blessing recited on them was valid.
The Shulchan Arukh (OC 263:9) seemingly rules leniently, but Maharil (who is quoted in Matteh Moshe (421), who is quoted in Magen Avraham (263 sk 16), who is quoted in Mishna Berura (263 sk 40) that Jay cited) recommended being strict and staying up past nightfall with the lights so as to remove any doubt about the need to light them. This is all irrelevant though if you'll be staying up till dark anyway.
Now we have your basic answer:
- Kindle lights for as long as you plan to need them.
- If you'll be changing locations at night, you must have lights in the new location too for however long you plan to be there.
- If you aren't going to use a particular light on Shabbat, don't recite a blessing when kindling it.
- Not everyone thinks that use before darkness qualifies, so if you weren't planning on being up past dark, some recommend doing so anyway.
If your question is minimally upon kindling what lights can one say the blessing, the answer is any light which will be used for some of your needs that night. In that sense, a light provides minimal fulfillment if you use it even a bit. Everyone agrees to this. (If you have more needs than the one light can fulfill though, don't forget that you will still need to kindle other lights too.)
The final twist here is the modern phenomenon of electric lighting where we certainly depart from "everyone agrees to this" territory, so I'll just give you an example of one way to structure the issue.
For nearly everyone today, electric lighting already ensures you won't trip on anything at home and will be able to see and enjoy your dinner. Indeed many authorities allow using your electric lights to fulfill this obligation (and for the opinion that doesn't, then our situation is no different from the classical situation above where you have sufficient ambient non-candle light, and you can stop reading here).
According to those authorities who allow using electric lights, if you're anyway going to light candles too to add a distinguished character to the evening meal or do something extra to actively demonstrate intent to care about Shabbat, that's a great way to honor Shabbat, but there'd seemingly be no strict requirement for those candles to last any longer than you want (if you have sufficient electric lighting in place anyway to see) since they are essentially extra credit.
If you want to say the blessing on kindling that bonus candle (instead of the electric lighting which serves as the primary vehicle for your fulfillment of the commandment) be sure the candle lasts long enough to at least serve some of your needs on Friday night, subject to the dispute above regarding if that can take place before darkness.
Now we have your modern answer:
- Turn on all relevant electric lights (don't forget the lights in the bathroom!)
- For extra credit light candles to create an honorable atmosphere and do something noticeably special for Shabbat (or because you want to be strict for the opinion that electric lights don't count).
- If you aren't going to use a particular candle or light later on (subject to the above dispute about nightfall), don't recite your blessing when kindling or turning on that one.