Who was the first Jew who was called with two names?

I'm not asking "Who was the fist Jew who had two names?" like Yaakov [Israel] or Benyamin [Ben-Oni] had, I'm asking who was the first Jew who got "Yossef-Dov" or "Avraham-Yitzhak" type of naming - both names are called at once.

Also, I'm not looking for:

Acronyms ("Rashi")
Titles ("Hazaken","Hakadosh")
Name made of two words that serve one meaning ("Shar-Yashuv", "Oved-Edom")
Nicknames ("The Staipller")
Two names with the same meaning ("Dov Ber", "Maher Shalal - Chash Bazz")


1 Answer 1


First one who comes to mind is Obed-Edom, Divrei Hayamim 15:24

וּשְׁבַנְיָ֡הוּ וְיֽוֹשָׁפָ֡ט וּנְתַנְאֵ֡ל וַעֲמָשַׂ֡י וּ֠זְכַרְיָהוּ וּבְנָיָ֤הוּ וֶֽאֱלִיעֶ֙זֶר֙ הַכֹּ֣הֲנִ֔ים מחצצרים [מַחְצְרִים֙] בַּחֲצֹ֣צְר֔וֹת לִפְנֵ֖י אֲר֣וֹן הָֽאֱלֹהִ֑ים וְעֹבֵ֤ד אֱדֹם֙ וִֽיחִיָּ֔ה שֹׁעֲרִ֖ים לָאָרֽוֹן׃

Shebaniah, Joshaphat, Nethanel, Amasai, Zechariah, Benaiah, and Eliezer the priests sounded the trumpets before the Ark of God, and Obed-edom and Jehiah were gatekeepers for the Ark.

  • I saw in a sefer about this question that there is a rishon quoted in Tosafos named Yaakov Yisroel or Yisroel Yaakov.
    – Meuchedet
    Commented Oct 22, 2019 at 17:06
  • @Meuchedet See judaism.stackexchange.com/a/9998/3
    – WAF
    Commented Oct 23, 2019 at 10:56
  • Was this not explicitly excited in the question post? Commented Oct 23, 2019 at 13:16
  • 2
    @רבותמחשבות that was an edit after this answer was posted. There were some deleted comments here debating if this is a two-word name like Shar-Yashuv, or if it is two separate names like Yaakov Yosef. Either way I don't think its what the OP wanted since its an anomaly from ancient times, and not an early instance of the modern two-name practice we recognize.
    – simyou
    Commented Oct 23, 2019 at 14:51
  • 1
    Tuval Kayin! Genesis 4:22 - sefaria.org.il/Genesis.4.22?lang=bi&with=all&lang2=he Commented Oct 27, 2019 at 10:29

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