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In פתיחת אליהו it mentions the עתיקא קדישא, which literally means the Ancient Holy One. Is that a name of HaShem or referring to something else?

This question has an open bounty worth +50 reputation from KapinKrunch ending in 2 days.

Looking for an answer drawing from credible and/or official sources.

  • According to Wikipedia, a ספר by the name of Re’uyot Yehezkel identifies it as מטטרון. Not sure how reliable that is – KapinKrunch Oct 13 at 18:28
  • Do you have the exact quote in the Sefer? IIRC עתיקא קדישא as used in Zemiros refers to an aspect of Shabbos, not of Hashem, but I can’t post that as an answer until I confirm the context is the same in פתחת אליהו. – DonielF Oct 13 at 20:05
  • Are you talking about this? he.wikisource.org/wiki/… Can you give a reference if not? – WAF Oct 15 at 18:07
  • @KapinKrunch: Sorry for the off topic question: Are you by any chance of Romanian heritage, or merely a huge fan of Dracula ? – Lucian Oct 15 at 20:03
  • Patach Eliahu is a passage of tinune hazohar. The tetm atika kadisha is a reference for hashem in the sfirot topic. – kouty Oct 16 at 19:37
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It refers to עתיק יומין (which is the highest partzuf) as in the songs sung on shabbos אתקינו סעודתא. There too we find עתיק יומין being referred to as עתיקה קדישא (the ancient holy one).

  • what is a partzuf? – KapinKrunch Nov 15 at 1:54
  • Here is a quote from chabad.org “"Partzufim" are compound structures of the sefirot. A partzuf is a metaphorical figure of human likeness, used to represent the expansion of an individual sefira (or group of sefirot) into an independent configuration with ten sefirot of its own”. – ASL Nov 15 at 14:34
  • As I’ve researched the topic a bit more, it seems that while sometimes עתיקא קדישא is used synonymously with עתיק יומין, other times it could be referring to a specific aspect of עתיק. – ASL Nov 15 at 14:41
  • So why do we seemingly pray to the atika kadisha on shabat? – KapinKrunch Nov 15 at 19:00
  • For r starters, I don’t think we are praying to atika kadisha, rather it is just stating that this Meal is the meal of atika kadisha (each meal On shabbos corresponds to a different partzuf). Aside from that, I don’t believe there would be an Issue in praying to atika kadisha (at least from a Kabbalistic perspective) because it is an aspect Of G-d. In fact it seems from the sources I’ve seen That atika kadisha is synonymous with the Ain Sof Himself. – ASL 2 days ago

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