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Shu"A Orach Hayim 607.6

כל הקהל לוקים מלקות ארבעים אחר תפלת המנחה
שמתוך כך יתן אל לבו לשוב מעבירות שבידו:

הגה ונהגו שהנלקה אומר וידוים בשעה שנלקה וכו'‏

All of the congregation receives 40 lashes after minchah, for from this one places on his heart to repent for his sins.
RAMA: The custom is for the recipient of lashes to say confessions at the time he is lashed and the one who lashes says "and He who is merciful atones for sin", etc.

EDIT: while many Rabbis and even certain groups turned it into a Minhag, it clearly appears that it is not the Halacha that obligates all, as it was once (as Rem"A agrees), and I never saw it performed in [most] Israeli Haredi communities.

When and why did we stop following this Halachah?

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    Who is "we"? This isn't a halacha, it's a custom, which I don't believe spread to Ashkenazi Jewry, from which I assume you descend – robev Oct 11 at 12:35
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    @robev it must have spread to ashkenazi Jewry, otherwise the Rema wouldn’t talk about, or “correct” the shu”a about it – Lo ani Oct 11 at 13:05
  • From both sides of the spectrum: I recall a lecture (on YouTube?) by R. Bentzion Musafi, of Iraqi descent and Kabbalah leaning, on the specific topic and practice of administering/receiving these lashes and here’s a video of the Naroler Rebbe (of Belz background, IIRC) receiving “malkos”. – Oliver Oct 11 at 13:39
  • Related – b a Oct 11 at 13:41
  • To add to @robev’s comment, I know several Sefardi shuls which give lashes, as well as a form of each of the Arba Middos Beis Din. – DonielF Oct 11 at 15:02
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Never; at least in Israel many still do it. There even are kabbalistic intentions for (versions of) it, refer to e.g. the Sim Shalom or the Avodath Hakodesh siddurim.

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    1. Sorry, who's "Israel Manu", because by "we" I mean the rest of the Jewish world. 2. Please provide sources and examples. Otherwise the answer is hardly informative. :( – Al Berko Oct 11 at 12:07
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    Israel manu? Sources are included. You claim it is abandoned, you should provide evidence. In Israel it is well spread. These are not strong lashes, just small taps that do not hurt, by the way. – srm Oct 11 at 13:14
  • @AlBerko Plenty of American communities do this, too. The only ones I know of are Sefardi, though. – DonielF Oct 11 at 21:56
  • "Sim Shalom": this one? – msh210 Oct 12 at 20:30
  • The question seems to presume that actual lashes are required, is it your contention that this is incorrect and the halachos referenced actually refer to the symbolic lashes you reference? If not, on what basis would such symbolic lashes fulfill the obligation outlined above? – Yirmeyahu Oct 13 at 2:17

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