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Is there a description of the world to come? How do we know about it, what is it?

marked as duplicate by rikitikitembo, mbloch, sabbahillel, Danny Schoemann, msh210 Sep 12 at 15:30

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  • Are you interested in the arrival of Maschiach? If yes see here Or are you interested in the world of souls where our soul goes after we die? In which case this might help. – mbloch Sep 12 at 13:54
  • Yes both, thank you, interested in what is meant when people write “the world to come”. – Andrew Richmond Sep 12 at 15:10

It is prophesized in the Book of Isaiah and others that there will be a time of peace under the reign of a messianic figure. It follows that Israel will not be subjugated under foreign rule. Isaiah tells us that in the world to come, the lion will sit next to the sheep and that "We will beat our swords to plowshares." They will be no more wars.

What about the soul and heaven? Many people think the place "Sheo" is a place of solitude and limbo. Purgatory. But Sheo means the grave, nothing more. Where then does the soul reside after death? There is an after-life (the world to come). The Torah persistently states that G-d “blew into (Adam’s) nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living being” (Genesis2:7). This “breath” is the soul, the neshama, a divine spark, implanted in Adam, is eternal. It is the only thing that survives death. Yet others feel it is the "active" intellect, a prototype of a soul, a life-force. Yet the concept of the soul is a fundamental principle in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The concept of reincarnation, a process of rebirths until the soul reaches the ultimate perfect and is admitted into the world to come, is another belief. Or are we just fooling ourselves like some will say? That logic, science, and the five senses disprove life after death and G-d altogether. But you cannot see or touch love and compassion and yet - these emotions exist. Thus empirical evidence is not needed when we feel something exists. Judaism never taught us to rely on feelings but faith is a component to knowledge and wisdom.

Karl Marx said that “religion is the opiate of the masses,” but what was Marx trying to convey? That people of faith cannot act properly or constructive? That people like to feel good and think that life exists after death?

The kabbalistic parable about heaven and hell tells of two banquet halls. In the hall "marked" hell, people use long utensils which makes it impossible to enjoy the lustrous foods. In the hall designated as heaven, people use similar utensils but are able to enjoy the table's delicious foods and wines laden with milk and honey. They accomplish this because they were good, decent people who learned to cooperate and feed each other while the people in hell are selfish and struggle forever. It never occurred to them to help others. I think this is a fair analysis.

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