In Parshas Vayigash (פרק מה פסוק ח), Yosef tells his brothers to tell Yaakov Avinu that

וישימני לאב לפרעה

"[G-d] made me a father to Pharaoh". Rashi comments and says that this means

לחבר ולפטרון

What does Rashi mean by these words?

  • It is a bit unclear as to what Rashi means by these words however through my short research I understand him to mean that Pharaoh made Yosef like a friend (חבר) and guardian (פטרון) to Pharaoh. Jastrow defines פטרון as "a protector". Rashi is really just quoting Bereishis Rabbah 93:10.
    – ezra
    Sep 1, 2019 at 6:21
  • 1
    Patron And member of council
    – kouty
    Sep 1, 2019 at 17:59
  • @kouty - the word Patron in English has too many meanings: translate.google.com/… Sep 2, 2019 at 8:23
  • Seems that every Perush and Targum has a variant on this theme. sefaria.org.il/… - no time to write it up - feel free to do so, anybody. Sep 2, 2019 at 8:27
  • @DannySchoemann yes I just wanted to make a transliteration.
    – kouty
    Sep 2, 2019 at 12:22


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