Wikipedia says:

The city of Jerusalem has been surrounded by walls for its defense since ancient times. In the Middle Bronze Age, a period also known in biblical terms as the era of the Patriarchs, a city named Jebus was built on the southeastern hill of Jerusalem, relatively small (50,000 square meters) but well fortified. Remains of its walls are located above the Siloam Tunnel.

From my recollection, the first mention in Tanac"h that Jerusalem had a wall is in Melachim (Kings) I 3:1 where it says that Shlomo built the wall of Jerusalem. However, based on above, it seems that the city had a wall for a long period prior to that. Who and when was the first wall built?

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    Doesn't your source clearly say it was Jebus (where the jebusites lived)? – Double AA Aug 1 '19 at 19:24
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    Wasnt the wall up already when Joshua conquered the land? מוקף חומה מימות יהושע בן נון – Double AA Aug 1 '19 at 19:25
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    @DoubleAA I just saw a question on this site regarding that. Where did I see it? I think that's debatable. I know it has implications to Purim, and, I think Yerushalayim is an exception to that rule. I have to investigate that. And, yes, the source does indicate Yevus, but it's unclear that they were the ones who built the wall. They clearly were not the first ones living in that area. It used to be called Shalem. And, of course, Wikipedia may not be telling the full or correct story. – DanF Aug 1 '19 at 20:10
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    What is the significance of when the wall was built? – Tamir Evan Aug 2 '19 at 15:36

There are many parts to yerushalayim, the part today known as "ir david" was the city of yerushalayim as it was in the times of the yevusim (fortified with walls and towers etc.) and thats what david conquered. shlomo hamelech expanded the walls to include up to and including har hamoriah. the city continued to be expanded by diffrent kings: chizkiyahu, herod, aggripas etc.

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