A lot of parallels that can be found between the earliest docoments of the Torah/Tenach and the Sumerian/Babylonian/Akkadian religions in Mesopotamia. This lead some to believe that the Torah was invented by men (compiled or cobbled together). Some even assume that Jews - who borrowed material and found inspiration from Mesopotamian and other indigenous, Canaanite, sources - did this during the Babylonian times.

People throw dates and facts at me in an attempt to prove Judaism is based on other religions or myths. But what I would like to know is how the Rabbi’s response to such allegations and what they teach about these sources?

How can I prove them wrong or at least give them some explanation from a different point of view?

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    FWIW my ancestor was a wandering Aramean.... – Josh K Jul 30 at 19:57
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    We have a getaway story, telling that the Torah was eternal and (somehow) given to Adam and passed through to Avraham and later to Levi and Moses and Matan Torah is just en event of encapsulating its ideas in writing. Such an approach could explain how those stories appear in written in other nations' sources before Matan Torah. – Al Berko Jul 30 at 20:28
  • THe biggest problem of replying to those claims is our own principle of "דברה התורה כלשון בני אדם" - we admit that the Torah language appears to be as human as all other sources. So there's nothing openly Heaven in Torah - no codes, no order, no systemacy, etc. This remains a huge mystery of why would G-d write something so unstructured and messed-up that nobody is able to decipher. – Al Berko Jul 30 at 20:43
  • This answer may not be satisfactory for everyone but it is thought-provoking. G-d could have used pagan myths/stories as to convey a lesson but adds a moral twist in the story. This may not have been the answer you were looking for, but it is a good examination and keeps the divinity of the Torah. – Turk Hill Jul 30 at 20:58
  • What do you mean by “messed-up” @AlBerko? – Turk Hill Jul 30 at 20:59

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