פרו ורבו (Being fruitful and multiplying) is generally understood to be the Mitzvah of having children, or attempting to have children.
Are there any sources to indicate if פרו ורבו is considered a מצוה בין אדם לחבירו (An interpersonal Mitzvah, between man and his friend) or a מצוה בין אדם למקום (Between Man and God)?
(I am understanding that if it is an interpersonal Mitzvah, the subject of the Mitzvah would be the children, not the spouse. Not to be confused with the Mitzvah of Onah.)
A נפקא מינה would be for example if someone was able to have children, but chose not too. If פרו ורבו is a מצוה בין אדם למקום one would be able to atone for this sin by doing Teshuva. However, if it is a מצוה בין אדם לחבירו then one would first need to seek forgiveness from the one they wronged before receiving atonement. In this case that would be the unborn child(ren) and therefore it would be impossible to achieve a proper atonement.