On the pasuk of "הָ֤בָה נָּא֙ אָב֣וֹא אֵלַ֔יִךְ" there is a dagesh in front of a word on a the letter nun. What type of Dagesh is this? Shouldn't there not be a dagesh chazak on front of a word?

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    Look up the terms דחיק and אתי מרחק. These degeshim show up every few verses – Double AA Jul 15 '19 at 11:05
  • The leining this morning has לְכָה-נָּא אָרָה-לִּי נַכֶּה-בּוֹ קָבָה-לִּי – Double AA Jul 15 '19 at 11:09
  • @DoubleAA those four are one word each. The one in the question is not. (I'm basing my statement on the way y'all wrote it: I haven't checked.) – msh210 Jul 15 '19 at 12:55
  • @msh in this week's parsha is also אָשׁוּבָה לִּי and next week we have וְהָיְתָה לּוֹ – Double AA Jul 15 '19 at 13:03

I believe the answer is that this type of dagesh is a Deḥiq (דחיק 'compressed') The reason for the dagesh in נא is because of a phenomenon known as deḥiq (aka, apparently, ate meraḥiq). Deḥiq is the name for when a word receives an initial dagesh when:

1) The word before the word getting the deḥiq end in a vowel.

2) The stress on the word preceding that with the deḥiq is penultimate (milʿel)

3) The stress on the word preceding that with the deḥiq is marked by a conjunctive accent (or a maqef merges the words).

4) The stress on the word receiving the deḥiq is on the initial syllable (or one after a shewa naʿ). More rarely, the stress on the word getting the deḥiq is not initial, but an initial secondary stress is present (marked by a gaʿya), e.g. וְעָשִׂ֤יתָ סִּֽירֹתָיו֙ (Shemot 27:3).

See below for more information.

Dagesh on Hatslicha nna

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