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I understand that if an Israeli is outside of Israel during Yom Tov, he may not perform melachot on the 2nd day of Yom Tov.

Does this include hachana (preparing on Yom Tov for the next day or for Shabbat?) Specifically, if the 2nd day of Yom Tov were to be on a Friday, would the Israeli need to make Eruv Tavshilin? Or do the rules of hachanah not apply to him as it is not actually Yom Tov for him, but he is not doing melachot because he must follow the minhag of where he is?

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  • Isn’t it “not really Yom Tov” for anyone, and we’re all just following the minhag of where we are?
    – Lo ani
    Commented Jun 6, 2019 at 3:47
  • @Loani Not exactly. Israelis never had the rule of having to keep 2 days Yom Tov in the first place. So, there is no minhag for them to follow, now, even with a fixed calendar. When they are in a community outside of Israel they are following a different rule of following the minhag of the community they are in to avoid mar'it ayin and *do not create factions."
    – DanF
    Commented Jun 6, 2019 at 14:29

1 Answer 1

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An Israeli abroad when Friday is 2nd day of yom tov does not need to prepare an eruv tavshilin (even if he remains forbidden to perform melachot). There is no issue of marit ayin. Someone who sees him will think he performed eruv tavshilin and cooks as permitted.

This is codified in Mishna Brura 496:13

כתבו הפוסקים בני א"י שבאו לח"ל ודעתו לחזור וחל יו"ט ב' בע"ש א"צ לערב עירובי תבשילין מפני שהוא דבר שבצנעא ולכן אין צריך לנהוג בזה כחומרי המקום

based on a teshuva from the Radbaz (4:83 or 4:1145 depending on the edition).

ולענין לבשל מיו"ט שני לשבת בלא הנחת עירובי תבשילין הדבר נראה ברור שהוא מותר לבשל שהרואה אומר הניח עירובי תבשילין או על אחרים סמך וזה פשוט.

See also Magen Avraham 496:7.

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