Berachos tend to be grouped into different categories, as Berachos on pleasure (ברכות הנהנין), on Mitzvos (ברכות המצות), on events (ברכות ראיה ושמיעה), etc.

As far as I’m aware, the general halachos of these types of Berachos are the same across all categories; for instance, they all are said in response to certain triggers, whether that trigger is eating something, hearing some type of news, discharging an obligation, or something else.

Are there any halachos unique to one type of Beracha which don’t apply to the others?

  • 1
    Birkas Illanoys is said only on Nissan? Birkas Hagomel is said in Minyan? Some are said once in 30 days?
    – Al Berko
    May 30 '19 at 17:12
  • I don't think the Q reflects the title. And what Halochos you refer to?
    – Al Berko
    May 30 '19 at 17:14
  • @AlBerko Birchas Ilanos is a specific application of the general rule that Berachos are said in response to a prompt. Hagomel is indeed only said in a minyan, but that’s not a rule of general categories of Berachos; Hagomel would be a Birchas Hoda’ah, which generally do not have to be said in a minyan.
    – DonielF
    May 30 '19 at 17:14
  • If so the question is undecipherable for me.
    – Al Berko
    May 30 '19 at 17:15
  • 1
    @AlBerko Why don’t you think the Q reflects the title? I’m asking for a practical difference between Beracha categories - do any categories have unique halachos? I’m referring to, I dunno, any Halacha which applies to a category as a whole. When it’s said (if there’s a category which can be said whenever whyever), how it’s said, etc. If I knew what specific Halacha was different, I wouldn’t be asking this question.
    – DonielF
    May 30 '19 at 17:16
  • The law that כל הברכות מברכין עובר לעשייתן - that one must bless before performing a mitzva - does not apply by Birchas Hareach uReiyah (and according to most opinions is unique to Birchas HaMitzvos; the reason Birchas Hanehenin must precede the consumption is because אסור להנות מעולם הזה בלא ברכה).

  • According to some opinions, one must stand for Birchas HaMitzvos (see ארחות חיים (הל' ציצית סי' כז - כח), Rosh (Pesachim, Ch. 10 §41), Magen Avraham §8.2); we do not see this law by other Brachos.

  • According to some Rishonim (although we may not pasken like that), the rule of ספק ברכות להקל (to avoid making brachos when in doubt) applies only to Birchas HaMitzvos, not other brachos (See Tosfos Brachos 12a, with Gilyon Hashas of R' Akiva Eiger).

  • The law of arvus (אף על פי שיצא, מוציא) is primarily by Birchas Hamitzvos, not by the other categories of Brochos.

  • Notably, pretty much all these rules have exceptions. Categories are only as useful as their exceptions after all.
    – Double AA
    May 30 '19 at 18:03
  • See judaism.stackexchange.com/questions/15018/… - Birchas Hanehenin may be a mattir; Birchas Hamitzvos are not. There are numerous ramifications.
    – chortkov2
    May 30 '19 at 18:09

One difference is that berachas on events are said after the fact (We say the beracha on thunder after we hear the thunder, on lightning after the lightning, Hagomel after being saved, etc).

Berachas on mitzvos are almost always said before the fact-מברכים עובר לעשייתן (b’racha on hallel, Lulav, shofar, Megillah, etc).

And berachas on pleasure are said before and after the fact (b’racha rishonah, b’racha achrona etc).


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