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That's what I've heard it means. So the judges don't really pluck out the other defendants' eyes due to a plaintiff complaints. However, the judge would require the defendant to compensate for the loss of eyes of the plaintiff.
A verse attract my attention
22 “If people are fighting and hit a pregnant woman and she gives birth prematurely[e] but there is no serious injury, the offender must be fined whatever the woman’s husband demands and the court allows. 23 But if there is serious injury, you are to take life for life, 24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25 burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.
Here the stories talk about paying fine (or some tort settlements it seems). I do not know if it's paid to the government or the plaintiff.
Then it talks about eye for eye, tooth for tooth. That seems to suggest that the eye for eye means fine too.
However, there is a life for life thing there. I do not expect life for life to means paying life. It seems that it's death penalty.
However, I maybe wrong.
In those verses and in other verses, is there any clear indication whether it should be fine or punitive damage or compensatory damage. Or is it just straightforward retaliation?
The "gist" of this question that is not on other questions is the following
- Is life for life means capital punishments or compensatory damage? Notice that both are problematic. If it's compensatory damage, then Bill Gates can just murder someone and pay for it.
- If life for life means capital punishments why does eye for eye means compensatory damage? That looks very inconsistent. Or perhaps both life for life and eye for eye can mean a bit of both under different circumstances? For example, compensatory damage for negligence and actual retaliatory damage for something more deliberate. The text don't seem to support it.
- In general, if Torah says life for life, does it mean compensatory damage or death penalty?
I don't think it's addressed in other questions. They just go over, oh it means compensatory damage. God can't be crazy enough to make us maim others' eyes. However, as life for life, oh that obviously means death penalty or bla bla... Nothing explains the inconsistency. I want to know that.