The seventh of the ten commandments is Lo Tin'af, do not engage in adultery. But the Talmud tells us that we may break all commandments to save a life, except those against idolatry, murder and sexual immorality (Gilui Arayot). The latter includes many things besides adultery: incest, bestiality, homosexuality, etc. Why is the 7th commandment restricted to adultery?
Although the mishna in Avot says that we do not know the value of each commandment, implying they must be treated as if they had equal value, the big three and the big ten are generally treated as the most important. So you expect the 3 to be included in the 10.