During Matan Torah, the shofar was heard by the entire nation but who blew it? Was it Moshe? Angels? The text does not specify. Is there midrash to address this?

  • Or maybe nobody blew it, there was just this noise of a Shofar which everyone heard, and there wasn’t a literal Shofar at all?
    – DonielF
    May 10, 2019 at 20:36
  • @DonielF, I remember hearing that it was the horn of the ram at akeidas yitzchak, and that the other one will be blown at the time of moshiach
    – Lo ani
    May 14, 2019 at 17:45

1 Answer 1


Well, my hunch is correct, at least from one Acharon!!

See Or Hachayim on Shemot 19:19 - "Moshe spoke and God answered him in a voice". According to Or Hachayim, "the voice" refers to the voice of the shofar.

(Keep in mind that this is just one of many interpretations of what the term "voice" is.)

  • Shemot 19:19 "The blare of the shofar grew louder and louder. As Moses spoke, G-d answered him in THUNDER." The Torah seems to specify G-d answered Moshe with thunder but doesn't specify the use of the shofar.
    – Ephraim77
    May 10, 2019 at 22:07
  • Or Hachayim was not a rishon.
    – msh210
    May 11, 2019 at 20:43
  • @Ephraim77, obviously Or Hachayim translated that word differently, then.
    – msh210
    May 11, 2019 at 20:43
  • @Ephraim77 The word in the passuk is קול, which literally means “voice.”
    – DonielF
    May 12, 2019 at 2:02
  • @DonielF You've missed something, I'm afraid. קול could also mean "thunder". See a few psukim earlier when the whole event is introduced. Vayehi kolot ubrakim... There kolot means thunder(s).
    – DanF
    May 12, 2019 at 2:27

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