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The Rambam wrote his Sefer HaMitzvos as a polemic against the Bahag's selection of the 613 mitzvos (as is clear from reading his Shorashim). They have many disagreements, which the Rambam lays out in his work.

From what I can tell, they both count a mitzvah to recite the Shema (Rambam Aseh #10, Bahag Aseh #1).

In the Machon Yerushalayim edition of the Bahag's work, they conveniently cross reference the Rambam's corresponding mitzvah number in the Bahag's list. When the Bahag has a mitzvah that the Rambam leaves out, they have the reference as a dash.

For some reason they have a dash after the Bahag's mitzvah of reciting the Shema. Unless I'm missing something, they don't disagree. Is there room to say they disagree? Or is Machon Yerushalayim mistaken (or is this a typo)? See below for a screenshot (the first one listed).

Bahag's list if positive mitzvos

One potential avenue for an answer is the Rambam counts a seperate mitzvah of the Unity of Hashem, and I don't think the Bahag lists it. Maybe the Bahag includes it in reciting the Shema, although I don't see how that is evident.

  • 2
    So the actual Q is about Machon Yerushalayim not Rambam or Bahag. – Al Berko May 5 at 22:10
  • @AlBerko well, if they're correct it's about the Bahag and Rambam. – robev May 5 at 22:14
  • 2
    Printing mistake? If I'm reading your screenshot correctly, on the very same line they have two mitzvos in a row labeled as #5. Presumably that's a mistake and Tzitzis should be 4 and Milah should be 5. So maybe there are two mistakes. – Alex May 6 at 1:10
  • @Alex could be. I used the 5752 version. Not sure if there's a newer version that's fixed. – robev May 6 at 17:41

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