In reading the Qur'an, I noticed this passage:

Qur'an 9:30 The Jews say, "Ezra is the son of Allah "; and the Christians say, "The Messiah is the son of Allah ." That is their statement from their mouths; they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved [before them]. May Allah destroy them; how are they deluded?

Is there any basis for the claim? Did Jews believe Ezra to be the son of God when the Qur'an was written?

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    I'm sorry if this is off-topic. I don't believe the claim at all, but I want confirmation -- and this is the only place I know for asking. Commented Sep 28, 2011 at 5:09
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    Maybe it comes from the notion that Ezra was the one who translated the Torah into Ashurit and gave it taamim (trope) and nedukot (vowels)? Commented Jan 10, 2012 at 18:11
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    i dont think Islam or Christianity should be up for discussion in this forum.
    – rabbi
    Commented Jan 14, 2014 at 23:28
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    @rabbi You may bring that up on Mi Yodeya Meta if you want, but as far as I know everyone agrees with that...
    – Double AA
    Commented Jan 15, 2014 at 2:55
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    This verse has been cited as proof that the Koran is a fraud. Indeed the claim that Jews ascribe any sort of divinity to Ezra is preposterous. Muslim apologists have attempted to defend the verse by saying that it refers to some local heretical sect of Jews who did have such beliefs. (Of course, there's no reason to believe that such a sect actually existed.)
    – Ephraim
    Commented Jan 15, 2014 at 6:36

7 Answers 7


I had never heard of this claim before. It certainly doesn't fit with everything I understand about Judaism.

The Wikipedia article on Uzair (Qur'anic Arabic for Ezra, apparently) contains a great deal of interesting information about this claim in the Qur'an, including why it's incompatible with actual Jewish beliefs and some suppositions about how it got into the Qur'an anyway. I think the following quotation from Exodus Rabba 29 makes the former point pretty ably:

'I am the first and I am the last, and beside Me there is no God' I am the first, I have no father; I am the last, I have no brother. Beside Me there is no God; I have no son."

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    If you translate the Arabic verse there in the Quran then you will come to know that it is a claim of some Jews and not something which forms the core belief of Judaism. FYI: cmje.org/religious-texts/quran/verses/009-qmt.php#009.030
    – Maxood
    Commented Feb 21, 2012 at 10:32
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    Do some jews really claim that or is the muslim just made this up?
    – user4951
    Commented May 2, 2012 at 11:04
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    @JimThio I have never heard of this claim except from here. Ever. If any Jews had ever claimed this, you can bet there would at least be historic Rabbinic authorities mentioning it as a false belief. I can't comment on the last part of your sentence.
    – HodofHod
    Commented May 15, 2012 at 18:41
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    @JimThio Even if, I find it strange that he chose Ezra, who, although important, is not seen as fundamental as say, Moses.
    – HodofHod
    Commented May 17, 2012 at 3:10
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    @maxood, this question is not, "what does this verse in the Qur'an mean," but, "has this claim in the Qur'an about Jews ever been true?"
    – Seth J
    Commented Dec 27, 2012 at 1:35

No. This concept is completely foreign to Judaism. The other religion mentioned derived the concept from paganism, not Judaism.

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    Do you have a source for the second part of your answer?
    – Seth J
    Commented Sep 28, 2011 at 15:31
  • I agree with you that the notion is completely foreign to Judaism. But if you read the Arabic verse then it merely states this notion as a "claim", and not a part of Jewish faith. FYI: cmje.org/religious-texts/quran/verses/009-qmt.php#009.030
    – Maxood
    Commented Feb 21, 2012 at 10:34
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    @maxood, this question is not, "what does this verse in the Qur'an mean," but, "has this claim in the Qur'an about Jews ever been true?"
    – Seth J
    Commented Dec 27, 2012 at 1:36
  • @SethJ As i said before: "it is not a claim by the Quran but a certain number of Jews used to debate with the Christians in those days at a particular event."
    – Maxood
    Commented Dec 27, 2012 at 8:53
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    @Maxood where is this claim made other than in the Quran? If it cannot be sourced anywhere else, it is by definition a claim made by the Quran. You are perhaps assuming that the Quran is true. This is not an assumption you will find shared by non-Muslims.
    – yoel
    Commented Dec 27, 2012 at 11:00

No more so than the belief that we are all G-d's children. Ezra is, however, compared to Moses (Sanhedrin, bottom of 21b; See also Yad Rama ad loc Sanhedrin 36a and Gittin 59a (comparing Ezra to Moses as a national leader and the greatest Torah scholar of his generation).

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    Welcome to Mi Yodeya! +1 for the first part. Please consider adding a source for the second.
    – HodofHod
    Commented Dec 26, 2012 at 21:49
  • Comparing Ezra to Moses proves nothing, as no one ever claimed Moses was the son of G-d, chas veshalom.
    – N.T.
    Commented Nov 30, 2021 at 1:13

The concept of anyone being the son of God is very foreign to Judaism, as well as the majority of Jews.

Also, that's not what that verse says (but interpreting the Quran is off-topic here).

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    Hello Al Ummat and welcome to Mi Yodeya! Thank you for adding this information. Commented Apr 7, 2013 at 2:26
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    I agree with Al Ummat Commented May 22, 2013 at 12:01

Rabbi Tovia Singer, in response to this claim, said that some Jews in Egypt probably did believe Ezra was the son of G-d but that everyone has their “crazies,” and that this should not be attributed to mainstream Judaism which is strictly monotheistic.


Dr. Bat Sheva Garsiel in her book "Bible, Midrash and Quran", pp. 181-182, discusses this passage and suggests two possible explanations for the origins of this idea:

  1. What @BruceJames brought, that Ezra is compared to Moshe in the gemara.

  2. In the apocryphal 4th Ezra, it says that Ezra, upon completing his duties on earth, rose to the heavens and became known as the "Scribe of the Most High" (Syriac 4th Ezra/2 Esdras, 14:49)

The second possibility falls in line with what Tabari, one of the classic Quran commentators, says about this passage: Tabari, according to Garsiel, heard from Jews of his time that Jews do not have such a tradition. And so he wrote that this tradition was held either by one Jew named Pinchas, or by a small sect of Jews. He also wrote that he heard from Wahb ibn Munabbih, a Muslim who wrote works on Jewish stories and traditions, that Jews hold the belief that when the First Temple was destroyed, all of the Torah was lost and Ezra remembered all of it and wrote it down. This particular claim is a key part of 4th Ezra (see chapter 14).

Garsiel wrote the connection to 4th Ezra in the name of Speyer, who also suggested (pg. 413) something she didn't mention, which is that perhaps Muhammed knew a Jewish-Christian sect that worshipped Ezra in the manner that some Christians worship Malkitzedek.


It's an absurd concept that has no historical basis. Islam came along 600 years or so after the fall of the Second Temple so it isn't even like the Quran has any historical/archeological basis to that claim. It is like claiming that the rabbis distorted the words of the Torah to make Lot look like a non-righteous man (Islamic doctrine does not agree with Jewish doctrine that Lot slept with his daughters).

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    Sources for your claims would increase the value of this post.
    – Double AA
    Commented May 13, 2013 at 15:28
  • so it isn't even like the Quran has any historical/archeological basis Maybe Muhammad was describing what he saw in his time?
    – user9907
    Commented Jun 17, 2016 at 2:52

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