Pretty self explanatory. Some say at chatzot all week and some in the morning. Why davka on the first night does everyone say at night? This minhag does not seem apply on the second Saturday night (when there is one) or on Motzaei Shabbat Shuva. Sources always appreciated. Thanks


Because it has a slicha begining with "Bmotzei Mnucha" (At the end of the day of rest) and we can't say slichos and 13 midos before midnight.

The source mentions Magen Avraham 525:5 which cannot be true (there is no such sif katan 525:5, and in general this siman is about borrowing on Yom Tov). Most likely it is referring to http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=14327&st=&pgnum=301 (581:1)

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    It's actually 565:5: hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=14327&st=&pgnum=286 – Menachem Sep 25 '11 at 6:43
  • Oddly, though, we don't make this distinction for other days. There is a slicha that starts "Shachar kamti" (I arose at dawn/I roused the dawn) but we don't aim to say it at dawn. And there's another one, "B'ashmoret haboker" (at the morning watch, i.e. the last third of the night), but no shuls say it at 4 in the morning. – JXG Sep 25 '11 at 6:50
  • Hmm, this has been an issue for 200 years. The Matteh Efrayim (581:11) mentions starting slichot after dawn, except the first day, when it's said earlier. hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=41197&st=&pgnum=54 – JXG Sep 25 '11 at 7:33
  • @JXG: the link quoted in the answer says: "The Selichos of the first day is begun soon after midnight [on Motzaei Shabbos], and on the other days at dawn." . "at dawn" is their translation of "B'ashmoret haboker" – Menachem Sep 25 '11 at 8:33
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    I have davenned in several serious shuls where even the first day selichos have been said in the morning. – Avrohom Yitzchok Sep 25 '11 at 9:46

Although most places I know of do say it at Chatzos on the first night only, I do know of places that say it every night at Chatzos, and I do know of places that even the first night say it at 5:30 AM. I have heard from my rabbi that the reason many people say it the first night at Chatzos is because Zerizin Makdimin L'Mitzvos, and as the Magen Avraham 565:5 says the earliest time for Selichos is at midnight. The reason it is not done by most people the rest of the week is since practically it is a difficult time as most people are sleeping then.

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    So what about those years when we say Slichos for two Sundays? Why doesn't the second Sunday's slichos start at midnight? Moreover, in modern Israel (as well as non-factory work in the Shtetl), Sunday is as much a workday as Monday. – Shmuel Sep 17 '17 at 7:17

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