What mathematical operators, functions, and constants are mentioned in the Halachah besides addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division?

For example: powers and square or other roots, Pi etc.

closed as too broad by רבות מחשבות, Isaac Moses Apr 3 at 15:38

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    I think you may need to narrow the scope of this question. There are all sorts of fractions that abound. Start with ma'aser - that's a fraction! I don't think halacha deals with imaginary numbers unless you care to call the amount of grain that Yosef stored for the eventual famine an "imaginary" number. – DanF Apr 3 at 15:10
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    Decimals are fractions. – Heshy Apr 3 at 15:27
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    You can read about many mathematical constants used in Judaism at the ongoing mi-yodeya-series where we have covered hundreds of mathematical constants already – Double AA Apr 3 at 15:42
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    Pi is definitely a number too and 12 is definitely a constant. Have you taken high school level math? College level? – Double AA Apr 3 at 15:45
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    Isn't any number considered a "constant"? I think you mean rational vs. irrational - that's a different story. If that's what you mean, edit that into your question. – DanF Apr 3 at 16:40

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