Throughout the Haggadah, we make reference to the fact that originally we were slaves, but now we are freed. To quote just a couple of them:

עבדים היינו לפרעה במצרים...ואלו לא הוציא הקב״ה את אבותינו ממצרים הרי אנו ובנינו ובני בנינו משעבדים היינו לפרעה במצרים

We were slaves to Paroh in Mitzraim...Had Hashem not taken our forefathers our from Mitzraim, we, our children, and our grandchildren would be enslaved to Paroh in Mitzraim.

בכל דור ודור חייב אדם לראות את עצמו כאלו הוא יצא ממצרים

In every generation a person is obligated to view himself as if he left Mitzraim.

הוציאנו מעבדות לחירות מיגון לשמחה ומאבל ליו״ט ומאפילה לאור גדול ומשעבוד לגאולה

He took us out from slavery to freedom, from brokenness to rejoicing, from mourning to celebrating, from darkness to a great light, and from enslavement to redemption.

  1. Can a slave say these portions of the Haggadah? Since we’re rejoicing over freedom, perhaps a slave would be unable to say this, as he is not free. Or perhaps since we’re rejoicing over past freedom, a slave can do so as well.
  2. Is there a distinction between a Jewish slave (עבד עברי) and a quasi-Jewish slave (עבד כנעני) in this regard?
  3. Is there a distinction between a Jewish slave within his first seven years and a Jewish slave past those seven years in this regard? Since in the latter case, the slave wishes to remain enslaved, rejecting Hashem’s mastery in favor of a human’s (cf. Kiddushin 22b, from Vayikra 25:55), perhaps he cannot partake in celebrating Hashem taking us as His own.
  • Here is a slave participating in saying the 4 questions sefaria.org.il/Pesachim.116a.12?lang=he
    – b a
    Mar 24, 2019 at 17:00
  • @ba Perhaps a slave can say the questions, but not the answers? Perhaps that’s different because others can say the Seder for him; what if he’s alone?
    – DonielF
    Mar 24, 2019 at 17:04
  • What's Hagaddah? One is already Yotze of telling the story by the Kiddush, so the Haggadah seems totally optional. What problem do you see in slaves reciting Psukim?
    – Al Berko
    Mar 24, 2019 at 23:08
  • How do you explain the very existence of slavery after the Exodus?
    – Al Berko
    Mar 24, 2019 at 23:11
  • @AlBerko 1. Since when is one yotze telling the story by Kiddush? Just by saying זכר ליציאת מצרים? The mitzvah is to go through the story - מתחיל בגנות ומסיים בשבח, and כל שלא אומר שלושה דברים אלו, etc. etc. 2. I don’t question (at least not in this particular thread) the existence of slavery, and ultimately that’s irrelevant to the question. Given that slavery exists, can a slave fulfill סיפור יציאת מצרים properly?
    – DonielF
    Mar 24, 2019 at 23:15


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