This is a simple and a bit naive question. I understand that a miracle everywhere is a super natural force unexplainable by current state of science.

The Purim story looks all natural, nothing truly extraordinary.

I heard some refer to it as "hidden miracles", but I find it difficult to grasp, aren't those hidden miracles called "the nature"?

So what miracle(s) do we mean saying Nes Purim and Al Hanissim?

  • why not the the confluence of events which allowed Esther to be in the right place, at the right time and be listened to, and the parallel events which led (independently) to Haman's downfall? – rosends Mar 24 at 12:28
  • Isn’t the very definition of nature “hidden miracles”? To paraphrase the Michtav MeEliyahu, there’s no inherent difference between nature and miracles; both are Hashem’s direct involvement with the world. The only difference is that nature is miracles we’ve gotten used to. – DonielF Mar 24 at 14:38
  • @DonielF So imagine we had בכל דור ודור קמים עלינו לכלותנו - every year. But Purim does not happen every year, it didn't happen with the destruction of the Temple. Is the lottery a miracle or statistics? What in Purim defies the laws of the Creation? – Al Berko Mar 24 at 19:19
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    @AlBerko I think the whole point is that nothing about Purim defies the laws of Creation, except our survival. If we had multiple Purim’s, it would just be redundant; one is enough to get the message across. – DonielF Mar 24 at 19:21

As I assumed in the question, a miracle must be something defying the laws of the Creations or logical behavior.

I think that the only real Ness was Achashverosh's illogical decision to favor Mordechai over Haman. I'll explain:

  1. Many people don't really understand Ach's attitude toward the Jews. The truth is that although he didn't explicitly hate us as a nation or as people, but he hated the idea of us building the Temple and stripping him off his wealth he was bragging so much about.

  2. As I answered here, and according to lots of Midrashim, Ach' didn't like Haman's plan but had no real problem of getting along with it. He cared about his own well-being much more than the well-being of his kingdom.

  3. What he missed were two points that allowed the building of the Second Temple AGAINST his will (see my question "do-the-3-mitzvos-of-entering-israel-apply-to-the-second-temple")- 1. Raising the power of Mordechai (sort-of-king) and 2. Letting Haman hang and his followers be killed (sort-of-Mechiat Amolek).

While the Megillah only says he finally taxed all the countries, it is probably after he realized his fault.

So I think those two things are the real Ness that defies the logic of Achashverosh.

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