Where Adam was when Chava was sinning with the snake?

For me, it looks that Eden doesn't seem to be a huge place to walk around and Adam was so excited to have a woman by his side, also Adam and Chava didn't have anything important to do, after all, they weren't positively commanded on doing anything.

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    Can you give any source for your three assertions? It's still a valid (and reasonable) question to ask where Adam was during this story, but adding three unsourced (and possibly inaccurate) statements detracts from the question. – Salmononius2 Mar 10 at 0:57
  • @Salmononius2 redacted. You can add your own suggestions. – Al Berko Mar 10 at 1:37

Bereishis Rabbah 19:3:

וְהֵיכָן הָיָה אָדָם בְּאוֹתָהּ שָׁעָה, אַבָּא בַּר קוֹרְיָיה אָמַר נִתְעַסֵּק בְּדֶרֶךְ אֶרֶץ וְיָשַׁן לוֹ. רַבָּנָן אַמְרֵי נְטָלוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא וְהֶחֱזִירוֹ בְּכָל הָעוֹלָם כֻּלּוֹ, אָמַר לוֹ כָּאן בֵּית נֶטַע, כָּאן בֵּית זֶרַע, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (ירמיה ב, ו): בְּאֶרֶץ לֹא עָבַר בָּהּ אִישׁ וְלֹא יָשַׁב אָדָם שָׁם, לֹא יָשַׁב אָדָם הָרִאשׁוֹן שָׁם.

So either Adam was sleeping after having had relations with Chava, or Hashem had sent him on a world tour to identify the various types of agricultural lands.

A couple of the assumptions in the OP are also questionable:

  • "Eden doesn't seem to be a huge place to walk around": (1) they were actually in the Garden, not in Eden itself. Those aren't the same - "a river flows out of Eden to water the Garden" (Bereishis 2:10), and Chazal point out that no human eye has ever seen Eden (Berachos 34b, Sanhedrin 99a). (2) Chazal also state (Pesachim 94a, Taanis 10a) that the entire world is 1/60 of the Garden, which in turn is 1/60 of Eden. True that such expressions aren't necessarily literal, it would still mean that the Garden (let alone Eden) is pretty big.

  • "Adam and Chava didn't have anything important to do, after all, they weren't positively commanded on doing anything": what about לעבדה ולשמרה? Whether you take those in the literal sense, or as referring to mitzvos,* that's definitely something they were commanded to do.

* A number of early acharonim (Alshich, Shaloh, etc.) quote a maamar Chazal לעבדה אלו מצות עשה ולשמרה אלו מצות לא תעשה, though I haven't found the original source. In Bereishis Rabbah 16:5 it does bring one opinion that they refer to working during the six weekdays and keeping Shabbos, and another that they refer to the korbanos.

  • Great! So "what about לעבדה ולשמרה" - are you referring to the 7 Mitzvos? Only one of them (Dayonim) is positive. What positive Mitzvos did they have לשמרה really? – Al Berko Mar 10 at 14:43
  • 2. I always thought "נִתְעַסֵּק בְּדֶרֶךְ אֶרֶץ וְיָשַׁן לוֹ" was following the sin, not preceding it (or it WAS the sin)? – Al Berko Mar 10 at 14:44
  • @AlBerko (1) even the 7 mitzvos may contain some positive things to do - I think there are rishonim who say that והלכת בדרכיו is incumbent on Bnei Noach too. (See also Chullin 92a, שלשים מצות שקבלו עליהם בני נח.) And if we say that לעבדה refers to working during the 6 days or to korbanos, then those are certainly positive. (It's also possible that לעבדה אלו מ"ע means all of them - if not doing them in practice, then at least deducing as many of their details as possible, similar to the way Avraham Avinu later on קיים כל התורה כולה before it was given.) – Meir Mar 10 at 16:39
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    And (2) chas veshalom that דרך ארץ should be a sin! That's a Christian idea; in our sources it's the holiest act possible, when done בקדושה ובטהרה (see Iggeres Haramban). At worst, it was that they did it לעין כל and thereby got the snake jealous (see Rashi on Bereishis 3:1 and 3:20). See also Sanhedrin 38b, that their first relations (and the conception of Kayin and his twin, see Tosafos there) took place before Adam was even commanded about the Eitz Hadaas. – Meir Mar 10 at 16:44
  • You're right once again, however, I saw a Midrash that G-d promised Satan or something that every copulation will be partially a sin or include a sin or something, So it seems that we invented the idea. – Al Berko Mar 10 at 19:58

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