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The Pesach Hagada mentions the story of five rabbis in Bnei Brak

It happened once [on Pesach] that Rabbi Eliezer, Rabbi Yehoshua, Rabbi Elazar ben Azariah, Rabbi Akiva and Rabbi Tarfon were reclining in Bnei Brak and were telling the story of the exodus from Egypt that whole night

The gemara (Gittin 57b) mentions

some of Haman’s descendants studied Torah in Bnei Brak

Do we have sources tracing the location of the Bnei Brak of the Hagada and Megilla? Is it the same as modern-day Bnei Brak, a religious city close to Tel Aviv?

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    It's almost certainly in the immediate vicinity of the old Arab town Ibn Ibraq. No one can prove that of course but it's completely plausible and reasonable, having had that name recorded for many many many centuries, and where else did they get it from? Like most locations in Israel there was no continuous Jewish presence. It's just obvious that places with the same name are in the right vicinity. Maybe they once moved down the hill or across the river but it's basically the same place, just like Beer Sheva is still Beer Sheva even though Jews haven't always lived there. – Double AA Mar 5 at 15:06
  • There was nobody in heat areas as Bne break at this time. Pretty sure – kouty Mar 5 at 20:37
  • N.B. Bnei Brak has a population of almost 200,000 (per Wikipedia; I tried unsuccessfully to find an original source, but the numbers don't seem that off). Isn't calling Bnei Brak a town seems like it's stretching the definition of "town"? Also, Bnei Brak achieved city status in 1949 (per Hebrew Wikipedia). – Zev Spitz Mar 5 at 21:27
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    @ZevSpitz it is indeed correct, there are 205,000 citizens there (per city officials which I spoke to last week, by coincidence). You are right, I should have called it city and will edit. Remember some of us are not native speakers and sometimes the subtleties of the language elude us :-> – mbloch Mar 6 at 4:33
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The Talmud in Sanhedrin 32b states:

ת"ר צדק צדק תרדף הלך אחר חכמים לישיבה אחר ר' אליעזר ללוד אחר רבן יוחנן בן זכאי לברור חיל אחר רבי יהושע לפקיעין אחר רבן גמליאל ליבנא אחר רבי עקיבא לבני ברק אחר רבי מתיא לרומי אחר רבי חנניא בן תרדיון לסיכני אחר ר' יוסי לציפורי אחר רבי יהודה בן בתירה לנציבין אחר רבי יהושע לגולה אחר רבי לבית שערים אחר חכמים ללשכת הגזית

Our Rabbis taught: justice, justice shalt thou follow,' this means, Follow the scholars to their academies. e.g.. R. Eliezer to Lydda, R. Johanan b. Zakkai to Beror Hail, R. Joshua to Peki'in, Rabban Gamaliel [II] to Jabneh, R. Akiba to Benai Berak, R. Mathia to Rome, R. Hanania b. Teradion to Sikni, R. Jose [b. Halafta] to Sepphoris. R. Judah b. Bathyra to Nisibis, R. Joshua to the Exile, Rabbi to Beth She'arim or the Sages to the chamber of hewn stones. (Soncino translation)

Regarding Benai Berak the footnote in the Soncino translation says:

One of the cities of the tribe of Dan (Josh. XIX, 45) identified with the modern Benai Berak, a flourishing Jewish Colony.

Commenting on this passage, R. Tzvi Hirsch Chajes wrote as follows:

בני ברק היה בחלקו של דן (יהושע י"ט מ"ה) ולוד היתה מהלך יום אחד מירושלים משנה מעשר שני (פ"ה ב') ובחלקו של בנימין (מגילה דף ד ע"א) ועיין רש"י שם ועתה איך יתכן הספור באגדת פסח דר"א ור"ע שהיו מסובין בבני ברק כל אותו הלילה היינו ליל פסח הרי מקומו של ר"א בלוד ור"א בעצמו ס"ל (סוכה כ"ז ע"א) משבח אני את העצלנין שאינן יוצאין מבתיהם ברגל ושם בסוף הסוגיא ספרו שר"א שבת בסוכתו של ר"י בר"א בקסרי מקשה הש"ס דאיך הניח דירתו ברגל ודחוק הש"ס לומר דשבת הואי ראינו דאי אפשר לומר דר' אליעזר יניח ביתו ברגל וקשה א"כ איך הלך בחג המצות לבני ברק וצע"ג

Benei Berak was in the portion of Dan (Joshua 19:45) and Lod was a journey of one day from Jerusalem [as is known from] the Mishnah in Ma'aser Sheni (5:2), and is in the portion of Benjamin (Megillah 4a), and see Rashi there. And now, how is it possible that the story in the Passover Haggadah of R. Eliezer and R. Akiva who were reclining in Benei Berak that entire night, i.e. the night of Passover? Behold R. Eliezer's locale was Lod, and R. Eliezer himself holds (Succah 27a [it's actually 27b]) "I praise the slothful who do not leave their houses on the holiday"! And there at the end of the discussion [the Talmud] tells that R. Eliezer spent Shabbat in the succah of R. Yochanan Ben Ilai in Ceasaria, [and the Talmud asks] how he could leave his dwelling on the holiday. And the Talmud was forced to say that it was Shabbat [and not a holiday]. We [thus] see that it is impossible to say that R. Eliezer would have left on a holiday. And if so, it is difficult – how could he go to Benei Berak on Passover?

R. Reuven Margoliot attempts to answer this question in Margoliot Hayam (Sanhedrin 32b). He says that in his commentary to the Haggadah he noted that the Mishnah (Ma'aser Sheni 5:9) related an incident in which R. Gamliel and the elders were on a boat and R. Gamliel designated the various tithes. This occurred on the day before Passover which is the time of removal for tithes. Therefore, it is possible that they docked in the port of Jaffa on the day before Passover, and Jaffa is opposite Benei Berak as is clear from Joshua 19:45-46. Thus, they did not have time to go to their homes, so they went with R. Akiva to Benei Berak which was the closest:

Image of excerpt from Margoliot Hayam

According to this as well, it would seem that Benei Berak is the same as, or nearby, modern-day Benei Berak.

As an aside, R. Isaac Abarbanel explained in his commentary to the Haggadah that "Benei Berak" is actually referring to the nice furniture that the rabbis reclined on. Some were troubled by this explanation, as Benei Berak is clearly a place mentioned in Joshua. R. Joseph Messas has a responsum (Otzar Hamichtavim 3:1473)where he addresses this, noting that in his version of Abarbanel's commentary to the Haggadah he first states that Benei Berak is a place, and only then as an additional idea says that it could refer to the furniture.

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B'nai Brak is mentioned in Yehoshua 19:45 as part of the territory of the tribe of Dan. Currently, the Tel Aviv metro area of which includes B'nai Brak is called "Gush Dan". So, that's probably an indication that if it's not the exact area as in Tanach, it's close.

Yehoshua mentions other "familiar" city names such as Gat, Yehud, and Sha'alabim as part of Dan's territory. You can also see this map showing Dan's territory and indicating a few cities. (B'nai Brak) is not in the map.

While there is no 100% proof that the current B'nai Brak is exactly in the same location, indications from the map and list of names of Dan's territories appears to at least narrow it down to most likely being the same or quite close to where it currently is.

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