Rabbi Shlomo Ibn Aderet wrote a huge number of responsa, as well as a commentary on much of the Talmud, and a couple of Halachic works. I would assume that the responsa were written over a long period of time and published separately.

Which of the following works were composed in which order?

  • Toras Habayis (Ha'aruch and Hakatzer)
  • Avodas Hakodesh
  • Sha'ar Hamayim
  • Piskei Challah
  • Commentary on various Masechtos (Chiddushei Harashba)

Also, do any later halachic authorities give rules as to which is more authoritative when we find a contradiction between a responsum/comment in the commentary/ruling in one of his works? (I'm looking specifically for people who address the Rashba in this regard.)


1 Answer 1


The Sdei Chemed (vol. 9, Klalei HaPoskim 10:2) delineates the order of authority and reverse chronology as follows:

  1. Shu"t HaRashba
  2. Torat HaBayit / Avodat HaKodesh / Piskei Challah / Shaar HaMayim
  3. Chiddushei HaRashba

He does bring a Pri Megadim who considers the possibility that certain Teshuvot were written prior to the Torat HaBayit and leaves it beTzarich Iyun.

True, this may not be correct in terms of chronology, as the Rashba in his Chiddushim mentions Torat HaBayit and in Torat HaBayit mentions his Chiddushim. At the same time, it's noteworthy how in the Chiddushim he refers to his Rebbeim, the Ramban and Rabbenu Yonah, as living with נר"ו, and in Torat HaBayit, he appends ז"ל indicating they had since passed away. Therefore, the author of the introduction of the Mossad HaRav Kook edition of Torat HaBayit considers it crystal clear that Torat HaBayit is (ultimately) a later work. He also points out that the Rashba references Torat HaBayit a number of times in the Shu"t, as well, but doesn't mention any references to the Shu"t in Torat HaBayit, indicating the Teshuvot were written later in life.

I personally wonder if we can figure this out with the dates of the Teshuvot, Ramban and R' Yonah's presumed years of death, etc. It's quite possible that he wrote Teshuvot when he was younger as well, after all. It's very possible they were all worked on concurrently and only "completed" in the order above.

Note the discussion on ויקישיבה. Finally, Rav Dr. Kanarfogel supports the view of Prof. Yisrael Ta-Shma in הספרות הפרשנית לתלמוד, esp. 55-58 (and see also 67) where he discusses all the chronology at length. Ayen Sham.

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    IMHO, a careful reading of SC betrays that he did not suggest this order to be absolute.
    – Oliver
    Commented Sep 1, 2019 at 2:18
  • Thanks for the link (I was having trouble figuring which volume it was in on HebrewBooks). The general debate regarding giving greater authority to Shu"tim or to Sifrei Pesak is not a new one. My impression was that he was taking the side of those who give primacy to the former, but I don't think anyone takes Klalim like this to be be absolute, either way. I would need to read it more carefully regardless.
    – MDjava
    Commented Sep 1, 2019 at 2:59
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    You’re welcome. I fully agree re. that general debate - but it’s a different issue. As far as what’s under discussion, dare I even say that the chronological order is incorrect and PM too didn’t have it right. To demonstrate: various Responsa and Torat Habayit is mentioned in his chiddushim.
    – Oliver
    Commented Sep 1, 2019 at 15:14
  • I've updated my answer to address your solid point
    – MDjava
    Commented Sep 2, 2019 at 19:28

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