4 Added link to source and additional explanation.
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To summarize your two part quest, "Is there anything to indicate that he (meaning Eliyahu) was actually the greatest prophet after Moses? Whence did R. Emden know this?"

As you say, Moshe is the greatest of the prophets (אדון כל הנביאים) like is stated in Sefer Tzeidah l'Derech at the end in the laws relating to redemption and Moshiach.

Considering that Rabbi Emden was an expert in both the revealed parts of Torah and the concealed parts of Torah, it wouldn't be difficult to imagine that he was familiar with Sefer Brit Menucha by Rabbi Avraham of Rimon and which is attributed to Rav Chamaui Gaon.

In the beginning of that book, he explains a concept found in Isaiah 43:7 which says:

כל הנקרא בשמי גו׳

saying that all prophecy comes to us via/through these three angels represented by the word Shemi. שמ״י which stands for the names of the angels assigned as agents for prophecy.

Those three angels manifest in this world as Moshe Rabbeinu (מטטרון שר הפניםתפנים מש״ה), Eliyahu HaNavi (יהואל, אליה״ו) and Shmuel HaNavi (שמועאל, שמוא״ל).

In the order of the Rosh Teivot found in Isaiah, it places Moshe Rabbeinu in the center being escorted by both Shmuel and Elihau. And this is in keeping with the principle found in Brachot 43b that a Talmid Chacham (like Moshe Rabbeinu) should be escorted by two disciples (like Shmuel HaNavi and Eliyahu HaNavi) when traveling. 

In the context of the discussion in Brit Menucha, it corresponds to the general arrangement called the three pillars of Chesed, Gevurah and Tiferet, which also correspond to the three Avot, Avraham (Chesed), Yitzchok (Gevurah) and Yaacov (Tiferet). Tiferet, which is the intermediate connecting link between the two extremes, comprises them both and is the greatest of the three. Chesed and Gevurah are escorts, so to speak to Tiferet, and are equal but opposite to each other.

Eliyahu is generally associated with Gevurah, which would mean that Shmuel corresponds to Chesed, which is also called Gedolah.

So linguistically Rabbi Emden would seem to referring to Eliyahu in the context of being a Gibbor, one who overcomes and overturns his opponent. And that appears to be his explanation in the first of the photographed images in your question.

To summarize your two part quest, "Is there anything to indicate that he (meaning Eliyahu) was actually the greatest prophet after Moses? Whence did R. Emden know this?"

As you say, Moshe is the greatest of the prophets (אדון כל הנביאים) like is stated in Sefer Tzeidah l'Derech at the end in the laws relating to redemption and Moshiach.

Considering that Rabbi Emden was an expert in both the revealed parts of Torah and the concealed parts of Torah, it wouldn't be difficult to imagine that he was familiar with Sefer Brit Menucha by Rabbi Avraham of Rimon and which is attributed to Rav Chamaui Gaon.

In the beginning of that book, he explains a concept found in Isaiah 43:7 which says:

כל הנקרא בשמי גו׳

saying that all prophecy comes to us via/through these three angels represented by the word Shemi. שמ״י which stands for the names of the angels assigned as agents for prophecy.

Those three angels manifest in this world as Moshe Rabbeinu (מטטרון שר הפניםת מש״ה), Eliyahu HaNavi (יהואל, אליה״ו) and Shmuel HaNavi (שמועאל, שמוא״ל).

In the order of the Rosh Teivot found in Isaiah, it places Moshe Rabbeinu in the center being escorted by both Shmuel and Elihau. And this is in keeping with the principle found in Brachot 43b that a Talmid Chacham (like Moshe Rabbeinu) should be escorted by two disciples (like Shmuel HaNavi and Eliyahu HaNavi) when traveling. In the context of the discussion in Brit Menucha, it corresponds to the general arrangement called the three pillars of Chesed, Gevurah and Tiferet. Tiferet, which is the intermediate connecting link between the two extremes, comprises them both and is the greatest of the three. Chesed and Gevurah are escorts, so to speak to Tiferet, and are equal but opposite to each other.

To summarize your two part quest, "Is there anything to indicate that he (meaning Eliyahu) was actually the greatest prophet after Moses? Whence did R. Emden know this?"

As you say, Moshe is the greatest of the prophets (אדון כל הנביאים) like is stated in Sefer Tzeidah l'Derech at the end in the laws relating to redemption and Moshiach.

Considering that Rabbi Emden was an expert in both the revealed parts of Torah and the concealed parts of Torah, it wouldn't be difficult to imagine that he was familiar with Sefer Brit Menucha by Rabbi Avraham of Rimon and which is attributed to Rav Chamaui Gaon.

In the beginning of that book, he explains a concept found in Isaiah 43:7 which says:

כל הנקרא בשמי גו׳

saying that all prophecy comes to us via/through these three angels represented by the word Shemi. שמ״י which stands for the names of the angels assigned as agents for prophecy.

Those three angels manifest in this world as Moshe Rabbeinu (מטטרון שר הפנים מש״ה), Eliyahu HaNavi (יהואל, אליה״ו) and Shmuel HaNavi (שמועאל, שמוא״ל).

In the order of the Rosh Teivot found in Isaiah, it places Moshe Rabbeinu in the center being escorted by both Shmuel and Elihau. And this is in keeping with the principle found in Brachot 43b that a Talmid Chacham (like Moshe Rabbeinu) should be escorted by two disciples (like Shmuel HaNavi and Eliyahu HaNavi) when traveling. 

In the context of the discussion in Brit Menucha, it corresponds to the general arrangement called the three pillars of Chesed, Gevurah and Tiferet, which also correspond to the three Avot, Avraham (Chesed), Yitzchok (Gevurah) and Yaacov (Tiferet). Tiferet, which is the intermediate connecting link between the two extremes, comprises them both and is the greatest of the three. Chesed and Gevurah are escorts, so to speak to Tiferet, and are equal but opposite to each other.

Eliyahu is generally associated with Gevurah, which would mean that Shmuel corresponds to Chesed, which is also called Gedolah.

So linguistically Rabbi Emden would seem to referring to Eliyahu in the context of being a Gibbor, one who overcomes and overturns his opponent. And that appears to be his explanation in the first of the photographed images in your question.

3 Added link to source and additional explanation.
source | link

To summarize your two part quest, "Is there anything to indicate that he (meaning Eliyahu) was actually the greatest prophet after Moses? Whence did R. Emden know this?"

As you say, Moshe is the greatest of the prophets (אדון כל הנביאים) like is stated in Sefer Tzeidah l'Derech at the end in the laws relating to redemption and Moshiach.

Considering that Rabbi Emden was an expert in both the revealed parts of Torah and the concealed parts of Torah, it wouldn't be difficult to imagine that he was familiar with Sefer Brit Menucha by Rabbi Avraham of Rimon and which is attributed to Rav Chamaui Gaon.

In the beginning of that bookIn the beginning of that book, he explains a concept found in Isaiah 43:7 which says:

כל הנקרא בשמי גו׳

saying that all prophecy comes to us via/through these three angels represented by the word Shemi. שמ״י which stands for the names of the angels assigned as agents for prophecy.

Those three angels manifest in this world as Moshe Rabbeinu (מטטרון שר הפניםת מש״ה), Eliyahu HaNavi (הויאליהואל, אליה״ו) and Shmuel HaNavi (שמויאלשמועאל, שמוא״ל). 

In the order of the Rosh Teivot found in Isaiah, it places Moshe Rabbeinu in the center being escorted by both Shmuel and Elihau. And this is in keeping with the principle found in Brachot 43b that a Talmid Chacham (like Moshe Rabbeinu) should be escorted by two disciples (like Shmuel HaNavi and Eliyahu HaNavi) when traveling. In the context of the discussion in Brit Menucha, it corresponds to the general arrangement called the three pillars of Chesed, Gevurah and Tiferet. Tiferet, which is the intermediate connecting link between the two extremes, comprises them both and is the greatest of the three. Chesed and Gevurah are escorts, so to speak to Tiferet, and are equal but opposite to each other.

To summarize your two part quest, "Is there anything to indicate that he (meaning Eliyahu) was actually the greatest prophet after Moses? Whence did R. Emden know this?"

As you say, Moshe is the greatest of the prophets (אדון כל הנביאים) like is stated in Sefer Tzeidah l'Derech at the end in the laws relating to redemption and Moshiach.

Considering that Rabbi Emden was an expert in both the revealed parts of Torah and the concealed parts of Torah, it wouldn't be difficult to imagine that he was familiar with Sefer Brit Menucha by Rabbi Avraham of Rimon and which is attributed to Rav Chamaui Gaon.

In the beginning of that book, he explains Isaiah 43:7 which says:

כל הנקרא בשמי גו׳

saying that all prophecy comes to us via/through these three angels represented by the word Shemi. שמ״י which stands for the names of the angels assigned as agents for prophecy.

Those three angels manifest in this world as Moshe Rabbeinu (מטטרון שר הפניםת מש״ה), Eliyahu HaNavi (הויאל, אליה״ו) and Shmuel HaNavi (שמויאל, שמוא״ל). In the order of the Rosh Teivot, it places Moshe Rabbeinu in the center being escorted by both Shmuel and Elihau. And this is in keeping with the principle found in Brachot 43b that a Talmid Chacham (like Moshe Rabbeinu) should be escorted by two disciples (like Shmuel HaNavi and Eliyahu HaNavi) when traveling.

To summarize your two part quest, "Is there anything to indicate that he (meaning Eliyahu) was actually the greatest prophet after Moses? Whence did R. Emden know this?"

As you say, Moshe is the greatest of the prophets (אדון כל הנביאים) like is stated in Sefer Tzeidah l'Derech at the end in the laws relating to redemption and Moshiach.

Considering that Rabbi Emden was an expert in both the revealed parts of Torah and the concealed parts of Torah, it wouldn't be difficult to imagine that he was familiar with Sefer Brit Menucha by Rabbi Avraham of Rimon and which is attributed to Rav Chamaui Gaon.

In the beginning of that book, he explains a concept found in Isaiah 43:7 which says:

כל הנקרא בשמי גו׳

saying that all prophecy comes to us via/through these three angels represented by the word Shemi. שמ״י which stands for the names of the angels assigned as agents for prophecy.

Those three angels manifest in this world as Moshe Rabbeinu (מטטרון שר הפניםת מש״ה), Eliyahu HaNavi (יהואל, אליה״ו) and Shmuel HaNavi (שמועאל, שמוא״ל). 

In the order of the Rosh Teivot found in Isaiah, it places Moshe Rabbeinu in the center being escorted by both Shmuel and Elihau. And this is in keeping with the principle found in Brachot 43b that a Talmid Chacham (like Moshe Rabbeinu) should be escorted by two disciples (like Shmuel HaNavi and Eliyahu HaNavi) when traveling. In the context of the discussion in Brit Menucha, it corresponds to the general arrangement called the three pillars of Chesed, Gevurah and Tiferet. Tiferet, which is the intermediate connecting link between the two extremes, comprises them both and is the greatest of the three. Chesed and Gevurah are escorts, so to speak to Tiferet, and are equal but opposite to each other.

2 Additional explanation
source | link

To summarize your two part quest, "Is there anything to indicate that he (meaning Eliyahu) was actually the greatest prophet after Moses? Whence did R. Emden know this?"

As you say, Moshe is the greatest of the prophets (אדון כל הנביאים) like is stated in Sefer Tzeidah l'Derech at the end in the laws relating to redemption and Moshiach.

Considering that Rabbi Emden was an expert in both the revealed parts of Torah and the concealed parts of Torah, it wouldn't be difficult to imagine that he was familiar with Sefer Brit Menucha by Rabbi Avraham of Rimon and which is attributed to Rav Chamaui Gaon.

In the beginning of that book, he explains Isaiah 43:7 which says:

כל הנקרא בשמי גו׳

saying that all prophecy comes to us via/through these three angels represented by the word Shemi. שמ״י which stands for the names of the angels assigned as agents for prophecy.

Those three angels manifest in this world as Moshe Rabbeinu (מטטרון שר הפניםת מש״ה), Eliyahu HaNavi (הויאל, אליה״ו) and Shmuel HaNavi (שמויאל, שמוא״ל). In the order of the Rosh Teivot, it places Moshe Rabbeinu in the center being escorted by both Shmuel and Elihau. And this is in keeping with the principle found in Brachot 43b that a Talmid Chacham (like Moshe Rabbeinu) should be escorted by two disciples (like Shmuel HaNavi and Eliyahu HaNavi) when traveling.

To summarize your two part quest, "Is there anything to indicate that he (meaning Eliyahu) was actually the greatest prophet after Moses? Whence did R. Emden know this?"

As you say, Moshe is the greatest of the prophets (אדון כל הנביאים) like is stated in Sefer Tzeidah l'Derech at the end in the laws relating to redemption and Moshiach.

Considering that Rabbi Emden was an expert in both the revealed parts of Torah and the concealed parts of Torah, it wouldn't be difficult to imagine that he was familiar with Sefer Brit Menucha by Rabbi Avraham of Rimon and which is attributed to Rav Chamaui Gaon.

In the beginning of that book, he explains Isaiah 43:7 which says:

כל הנקרא בשמי גו׳

saying that all prophecy comes to us via/through these three angels represented by the word Shemi. שמ״י which stands for the names of the angels assigned as agents for prophecy.

Those three angels manifest in this world as Moshe Rabbeinu (מטטרון שר הפניםת מש״ה), Eliyahu HaNavi (הויאל, אליה״ו) and Shmuel HaNavi (שמויאל, שמוא״ל). In the order of the Rosh Teivot, it places Moshe Rabbeinu in the center being escorted by both Shmuel and Elihau.

To summarize your two part quest, "Is there anything to indicate that he (meaning Eliyahu) was actually the greatest prophet after Moses? Whence did R. Emden know this?"

As you say, Moshe is the greatest of the prophets (אדון כל הנביאים) like is stated in Sefer Tzeidah l'Derech at the end in the laws relating to redemption and Moshiach.

Considering that Rabbi Emden was an expert in both the revealed parts of Torah and the concealed parts of Torah, it wouldn't be difficult to imagine that he was familiar with Sefer Brit Menucha by Rabbi Avraham of Rimon and which is attributed to Rav Chamaui Gaon.

In the beginning of that book, he explains Isaiah 43:7 which says:

כל הנקרא בשמי גו׳

saying that all prophecy comes to us via/through these three angels represented by the word Shemi. שמ״י which stands for the names of the angels assigned as agents for prophecy.

Those three angels manifest in this world as Moshe Rabbeinu (מטטרון שר הפניםת מש״ה), Eliyahu HaNavi (הויאל, אליה״ו) and Shmuel HaNavi (שמויאל, שמוא״ל). In the order of the Rosh Teivot, it places Moshe Rabbeinu in the center being escorted by both Shmuel and Elihau. And this is in keeping with the principle found in Brachot 43b that a Talmid Chacham (like Moshe Rabbeinu) should be escorted by two disciples (like Shmuel HaNavi and Eliyahu HaNavi) when traveling.

1
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