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The question is rather simple - What happens to a loan after Shmitat Ksafim (I refer only to those entitled for Shmitah):

  1. Is the debt fully annulled and the Shtar/agreement invalidated in this world's Beis Din and the heavenly court?

  2. Does it become annulled in this world but it has to be returned towards the heavenly court?

  3. Does it stay intact as a debt and if claimed (despite the transgression) must be returned in an earthly court, but the lender is only forbidden to demand to return it?

Whatever the answer is, does it happen automatically post-Shmitah like an Hefker Beis Din or one has to declare Shmitat Ksafim for every loan?

NB: How Shmitat Ksafim is different from Mechilat Chov (מחילת חוב)?

The question is rather simple - What happens to a loan after Shmitat Ksafim (I refer only to those entitled for Shmitah):

  1. Is the debt fully annulled and the Shtar/agreement invalidated in this world's Beis Din and the heavenly court?

  2. Does it become annulled in this world but it has to be returned towards the heavenly court?

  3. Does it stay intact as a debt and if claimed must be returned in an earthly court, but the lender is only forbidden to demand to return it?

Whatever the answer is, does it happen automatically post-Shmitah like an Hefker Beis Din or one has to declare Shmitat Ksafim for every loan?

NB: How Shmitat Ksafim is different from Mechilat Chov (מחילת חוב)?

The question is rather simple - What happens to a loan after Shmitat Ksafim (I refer only to those entitled for Shmitah):

  1. Is the debt fully annulled and the Shtar/agreement invalidated in this world's Beis Din and the heavenly court?

  2. Does it become annulled in this world but it has to be returned towards the heavenly court?

  3. Does it stay intact as a debt and if claimed (despite the transgression) must be returned in an earthly court, but the lender is only forbidden to demand to return it?

Whatever the answer is, does it happen automatically post-Shmitah like an Hefker Beis Din or one has to declare Shmitat Ksafim for every loan?

NB: How Shmitat Ksafim is different from Mechilat Chov (מחילת חוב)?

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What happens to the debts after Shmitat Ksafim?

The question is rather simple - What happens to a loan after Shmitat Ksafim (I refer only to those entitled for Shmitah):

  1. Is the debt fully annulled and the Shtar/agreement invalidated in this world's Beis Din and the heavenly court?

  2. Does it become annulled in this world but it has to be returned towards the heavenly court?

  3. Does it stay intact as a debt and if claimed must be returned in an earthly court, but the lender is only forbidden to demand to return it?

Whatever the answer is, does it happen automatically post-Shmitah like an Hefker Beis Din or one has to declare Shmitat Ksafim for every loan?

NB: How Shmitat Ksafim is different from Mechilat Chov (מחילת חוב)?