2 Clarified
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This is a very sensitive question, as the interpretations of that differences might easily become judgemental.
A I will explain on a very basic level, practically only outlining the framework, without going into details.

A couple of general clarifications first.

  1. Legally speaking, marrying a gentile does not count in Judaism.
  2. Heaving, but heaving consensual intimate relations with gentiles is prohibited for many reasons (not discussed here).
  3. In Judaism for something to be forbidden a basic compatibility must be met, andi.g. a misdeed must be possible to perform at all, e.g. eating pork is a transgression whereas eating stones is not, illicit relations with gentiles or animals are prohibited whereas intimate relations with plants are not.

Now, to the differences:

  1. In Judaism, every creature is a mixture of material (חומר) and spiritual, so we (רוח). We can also say, for example, that an inanimate object is less spiritual (possesses less spirit) than a plant and even lesser than an animal and even lesser than a human etc. (It can not be expressed in simple percentage thoughIt can not be expressed in simple percentage though).

  2. To be able to deal with the Torah and fulfill its commandments, the Jews possess a slightly greater degree of (let's call it) "spirituality" than the gentiles,Gentiles. This is expressed as "Neshamah" and that's the only essential difference. (All other differences stem from this distinction).

  3. Unlike the other aforementioned differences in nature, gentiles are always given an option to compensate that innate "lack" through a conversion to Judaism.

Hope it helps.

This is a very sensitive question, as the interpretations of that differences might easily become judgemental.
A couple of general clarifications first.

  1. Legally speaking, marrying a gentile does not count in Judaism.
  2. Heaving consensual intimate relations with gentiles is prohibited for many reasons (not discussed here).
  3. In Judaism for something to be forbidden a basic compatibility must be met, and a misdeed must be possible to perform, e.g. eating pork is a transgression whereas eating stones is not, illicit relations with gentiles or animals are prohibited whereas intimate relations with plants are not.

Now, to the differences:

  1. In Judaism, every creature is a mixture of material and spiritual, so we can say, for example, that an inanimate object is less spiritual than a plant and even lesser than an animal and even lesser than a human etc. (It can not be expressed in simple percentage though).

  2. To be able to deal with the Torah and fulfill its commandments, the Jews possess a slightly greater degree of (let's call it) "spirituality" than the gentiles, and that's the only essential difference. (All other differences stem from this distinction).

  3. Unlike the other aforementioned differences in nature, gentiles are always given an option to compensate that innate "lack" through a conversion to Judaism.

Hope it helps.

This is a very sensitive question, as the interpretations of that differences might easily become judgemental. I will explain on a very basic level, practically only outlining the framework, without going into details.

A couple of general clarifications first.

  1. Legally speaking, marrying a gentile does not count in Judaism, but heaving consensual intimate relations with gentiles is prohibited for many reasons (not discussed here).
  2. In Judaism for something to be forbidden a basic compatibility must be met, i.g. a misdeed must be possible to perform at all, e.g. eating pork is a transgression whereas eating stones is not, illicit relations with gentiles or animals are prohibited whereas intimate relations with plants are not.

Now, to the differences:

  1. In Judaism, every creature is a mixture of material (חומר) and spiritual (רוח). We can also say, for example, that an inanimate object is less spiritual (possesses less spirit) than a plant and even lesser than an animal and even lesser than a human etc. (It can not be expressed in simple percentage though).

  2. To be able to deal with the Torah and fulfill its commandments, the Jews possess a greater degree of (let's call it) "spirituality" than the Gentiles. This is expressed as "Neshamah" and that's the only essential difference. (All other differences stem from this distinction).

  3. Unlike the other aforementioned differences in nature, gentiles are always given an option to compensate that innate "lack" through a conversion to Judaism.

Hope it helps.

1
source | link

This is a very sensitive question, as the interpretations of that differences might easily become judgemental.
A couple of general clarifications first.

  1. Legally speaking, marrying a gentile does not count in Judaism.
  2. Heaving consensual intimate relations with gentiles is prohibited for many reasons (not discussed here).
  3. In Judaism for something to be forbidden a basic compatibility must be met, and a misdeed must be possible to perform, e.g. eating pork is a transgression whereas eating stones is not, illicit relations with gentiles or animals are prohibited whereas intimate relations with plants are not.

Now, to the differences:

  1. In Judaism, every creature is a mixture of material and spiritual, so we can say, for example, that an inanimate object is less spiritual than a plant and even lesser than an animal and even lesser than a human etc. (It can not be expressed in simple percentage though).

  2. To be able to deal with the Torah and fulfill its commandments, the Jews possess a slightly greater degree of (let's call it) "spirituality" than the gentiles, and that's the only essential difference. (All other differences stem from this distinction).

  3. Unlike the other aforementioned differences in nature, gentiles are always given an option to compensate that innate "lack" through a conversion to Judaism.

Hope it helps.