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Megillah 32a says:

עשרה שקראו בתורה הגולל ספר תורה קיבל שכר כולן

If ten have read from the Torah (meaning that at least ten verses have been read; not that there was a minyan of at least 10 people or that there were 10 aliyot. See Rash"i, there), the one who rolls it up receives the reward of all of them.

There is no mention of lifting the Torah (Hagbah). Likewise, in Shulcan Aruch, Orach Chaim 147:1, he mentions only a person who rolls the Torah,Edited with no mention of lifting it.thanks to DoubleAA & YehudaW providing me some historical context)

Based on this language, I infer that onlyAs there were no "poles" (gelilahatzei chayim was performed. Or) during the time of the Gemarah, does this meanit makes sens that one person did both the lifting and the rolling?. This was called just gollel.

At what point and for what reason was what we now call hagbahhagba (lifting)- "lifting" added? Was it added at the time that the poles were attached, and when and was it mainly for whatthat reason? Related - when / why were these duties separated and allocated to 2 different peoplethe poles used? Is there any current minhag whereEven after their attachment, initially, did one person is doingdo both? (I would think that only 1 person is used in Sefardi services where or were the Torah is already encased and there is no gelilah involved.)jobs separated?

Megillah 32a says:

עשרה שקראו בתורה הגולל ספר תורה קיבל שכר כולן

If ten have read from the Torah (meaning that at least ten verses have been read; not that there was a minyan of at least 10 people or that there were 10 aliyot. See Rash"i, there), the one who rolls it up receives the reward of all of them.

There is no mention of lifting the Torah (Hagbah). Likewise, in Shulcan Aruch, Orach Chaim 147:1, he mentions only a person who rolls the Torah, with no mention of lifting it.

Based on this language, I infer that only gelilah was performed. Or, does this mean that one person did both the lifting and the rolling?

At what point was hagbah (lifting) added, and when and for what reason were these duties separated and allocated to 2 different people? Is there any current minhag where one person is doing both? (I would think that only 1 person is used in Sefardi services where the Torah is already encased and there is no gelilah involved.)

Megillah 32a says:

עשרה שקראו בתורה הגולל ספר תורה קיבל שכר כולן

If ten have read from the Torah (meaning that at least ten verses have been read; not that there was a minyan of at least 10 people or that there were 10 aliyot. See Rash"i, there), the one who rolls it up receives the reward of all of them.

(Edited with thanks to DoubleAA & YehudaW providing me some historical context)

As there were no "poles" (atzei chayim) during the time of the Gemarah, it makes sens that one person did both lifting and rolling. This was called just gollel.

At what point and for what reason was what we now call hagba - "lifting" added? Was it added at the time that the poles were attached, and was it mainly for that reason? Related - when / why were the poles used? Even after their attachment, initially, did one person do both or were the jobs separated?

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When did the custom of using 2 people for hagbah and gelilah begin?

Megillah 32a says:

עשרה שקראו בתורה הגולל ספר תורה קיבל שכר כולן

If ten have read from the Torah (meaning that at least ten verses have been read; not that there was a minyan of at least 10 people or that there were 10 aliyot. See Rash"i, there), the one who rolls it up receives the reward of all of them.

There is no mention of lifting the Torah (Hagbah). Likewise, in Shulcan Aruch, Orach Chaim 147:1, he mentions only a person who rolls the Torah, with no mention of lifting it.

Based on this language, I infer that only gelilah was performed. Or, does this mean that one person did both the lifting and the rolling?

At what point was hagbah (lifting) added, and when and for what reason were these duties separated and allocated to 2 different people? Is there any current minhag where one person is doing both? (I would think that only 1 person is used in Sefardi services where the Torah is already encased and there is no gelilah involved.)