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RMB"MMaimonides Hil' Avodas Kochavim Ch. 3:10-11: prohibits drawing angels and heavenly bodies, and allows humans two-dimensionally, and other living things even when they are sculptures.

"10: It is forbidden to make images for beauty and even though it isn't for idol worship as it is written 'Thou shalt not make with me etc', the (Ex 20:20), whichKesef Mishnah there says that Maimonides is to say forms of silver and gold that are only for beauty, sothe opinion that the straying will not stray in them and thinkonly exception that they are for idol worship. And itcan be made is only forbidden to make for beauty images of man alone... And this is when the form juts outward, like the form and panels on a traklin and the like, and if he forms, he is lashedpedagogical purposes. He also says that But if the form is indented or a form of markings like forms on tablets or forms that are embroidered in weaving, behold these are permitted. 11:.Rabbi Isaac Alfasi espouses this view. The Tur codifies the Rif's opinion as such. And so to it is forbidden to form the images of the sun and moon, stars and mazals, and angels, as it says 'Thou shalt not make with me' do not make like the image of my attendants who attend before me on high, and even on a board. Images of animal and other living things other than man, and images of trees and foliage and the like are permissible to form, and even if the image juts out."

Shulchan Aruch Yoreh Deyah 141 allows the drawing of angels, man and other living things, but prohibits any image of the sun moon or stars that is not for pedagogical purposes, (both the S"K and the T"Z seem to object to this ruling regarding angels, citingparenthetically the Tur and Nahmanides).

"ItTur's opinion about public pieces being allowed as there is forbidden to form images in the dwellingno doubt of the Divine Presence like the 4 faces togetherworship, (the Merkabah chariots' angelsis added in), And so too seraphs and ofans and attending angels and so too the image of man... When is this said? When they jut out but when they are indented like those that they weave on clothing and that they form on a wall with markings, it is permissible to make them. Images of the sun, moon, and stars are forbidden, whether they jut outward or indent, and if they are for teaching purposes to learn and to show they are all permitted even if they jut out... The images of cattle, wild animals, birds, and fish, and so two the images of trees and foliage and the like are permissible to make even if they jut out"

Tur Yoreh Deya 141's takes a similar stance was harder for me to make out,the Shulhan Aruh He writes very similarlyeven allows the sun and moon and the like to be sculpted if made for the Shulchan Aruchpublic, but then he mentions the stance of NachmanidesNahmanides, who prohibits not only drawing angels, but even drawing people.

"But all of them its forbidden to make them, it doesn't matter if in the dwelling of the Divine presence, like the four faces to gether, or in the upper dwelling, like chayos, seraphs, ofans, and attending angels, or in the lower dwellling, like the sun, moon, stars, and mazals, or the image of man himself... And images of the Temple, unless they are altered in dimension... And a seven-stemmed menorah... And images of seas and valleys it is permissible to make: And the image of a Drakon if you found it it is forbidden to keep but you can make it... When is this said? When they jut out, but if they are woven in clothing or marked on a wall it is permitted to make them... And Rabbeinu Tam wrote that the images of the sun and the moon, stars and mazals, it makes not difference whether they jut out or indent... all of these are prohibited in any manner, whether to make them or to keep them... And the RMB"N added also the form of man and the attendants on high, that are forbidden whether they jut out or indent...

Toward the end of 141, both the Tur and the Shulchan Aruch cite permission even for sculpting partial humans, like just a head, or a body with no head.

Rabbi Yosef Berger told me that both humans and angels can be drawn, provided that the work remains flat. Thick oil paints would be an issue.

Within the above parameters, it seems as though depicting scenes from Tanach is allowed, as no mention is made of drawing specific scenes from tanachTanach being forbidden.

RMB"M Hil' Avodas Kochavim Ch. 3:10-11: prohibits drawing angels and heavenly bodies, and allows humans two-dimensionally, and other living things even when they are sculptures.

"10: It is forbidden to make images for beauty and even though it isn't for idol worship as it is written 'Thou shalt not make with me etc', (Ex 20:20), which is to say forms of silver and gold that are only for beauty, so that the straying will not stray in them and think that they are for idol worship. And it is only forbidden to make for beauty images of man alone... And this is when the form juts outward, like the form and panels on a traklin and the like, and if he forms, he is lashed. But if the form is indented or a form of markings like forms on tablets or forms that are embroidered in weaving, behold these are permitted. 11:... And so to it is forbidden to form the images of the sun and moon, stars and mazals, and angels, as it says 'Thou shalt not make with me' do not make like the image of my attendants who attend before me on high, and even on a board. Images of animal and other living things other than man, and images of trees and foliage and the like are permissible to form, and even if the image juts out."

Shulchan Aruch Yoreh Deyah 141 allows the drawing of angels, man and other living things, but prohibits any image of the sun moon or stars that is not for pedagogical purposes, (both the S"K and the T"Z seem to object to this ruling regarding angels, citing the Tur and Nahmanides).

"It is forbidden to form images in the dwelling of the Divine Presence like the 4 faces together, (the Merkabah chariots' angels), And so too seraphs and ofans and attending angels and so too the image of man... When is this said? When they jut out but when they are indented like those that they weave on clothing and that they form on a wall with markings, it is permissible to make them. Images of the sun, moon, and stars are forbidden, whether they jut outward or indent, and if they are for teaching purposes to learn and to show they are all permitted even if they jut out... The images of cattle, wild animals, birds, and fish, and so two the images of trees and foliage and the like are permissible to make even if they jut out"

Tur Yoreh Deya 141's stance was harder for me to make out, He writes very similarly to the Shulchan Aruch, but then mentions the stance of Nachmanides, who prohibits not only drawing angels, but even drawing people.

"But all of them its forbidden to make them, it doesn't matter if in the dwelling of the Divine presence, like the four faces to gether, or in the upper dwelling, like chayos, seraphs, ofans, and attending angels, or in the lower dwellling, like the sun, moon, stars, and mazals, or the image of man himself... And images of the Temple, unless they are altered in dimension... And a seven-stemmed menorah... And images of seas and valleys it is permissible to make: And the image of a Drakon if you found it it is forbidden to keep but you can make it... When is this said? When they jut out, but if they are woven in clothing or marked on a wall it is permitted to make them... And Rabbeinu Tam wrote that the images of the sun and the moon, stars and mazals, it makes not difference whether they jut out or indent... all of these are prohibited in any manner, whether to make them or to keep them... And the RMB"N added also the form of man and the attendants on high, that are forbidden whether they jut out or indent...

Toward the end of 141, both the Tur and the Shulchan Aruch cite permission even for sculpting partial humans, like just a head, or a body with no head.

Rabbi Yosef Berger told me that both humans and angels can be drawn, provided that the work remains flat. Thick oil paints would be an issue.

Within the above parameters, it seems as though depicting scenes from Tanach is allowed, as no mention is made of drawing specific scenes from tanach being forbidden.

Maimonides Hil' Avodas Kochavim Ch. 3:10-11: prohibits drawing angels and heavenly bodies, and allows humans two-dimensionally, and other living things even when they are sculptures. the Kesef Mishnah there says that Maimonides is of the opinion that the only exception that can be made is for pedagogical purposes. He also says that Rabbi Isaac Alfasi espouses this view. The Tur codifies the Rif's opinion as such.

Shulchan Aruch Yoreh Deyah 141 allows the drawing of angels, man and other living things, but prohibits any image of the sun moon or stars that is not for pedagogical purposes, (parenthetically the Tur's opinion about public pieces being allowed as there is no doubt of worship, is added in).

Tur Yoreh Deya 141 takes a similar stance to the Shulhan Aruh He even allows the sun and moon and the like to be sculpted if made for the public, but then he mentions the stance of Nahmanides, who prohibits not only drawing angels, but even drawing people.

Rabbi Yosef Berger told me that both humans and angels can be drawn, provided that the work remains flat. Thick oil paints would be an issue.

Within the above parameters, it seems as though depicting scenes from Tanach is allowed, as no mention is made of drawing specific scenes from Tanach being forbidden.

3 Edited in a psak from present-day Rav.
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Rabbi Yosef Berger told me that both humans and angels can be drawn, provided that the work remains flat. Thick oil paints would be an issue.

Within the above parameters, it seems as though depicting scenes from Tanach is allowed, as no mention is made of drawing specific scenes from tanach being forbidden.

Within the above parameters, it seems as though depicting scenes from Tanach is allowed, as no mention is made of drawing specific scenes from tanach being forbidden.

Rabbi Yosef Berger told me that both humans and angels can be drawn, provided that the work remains flat. Thick oil paints would be an issue.

Within the above parameters, it seems as though depicting scenes from Tanach is allowed, as no mention is made of drawing specific scenes from tanach being forbidden.

2 deleted 1 characters in body
source | link

RMB"M HilHil' Avodas Kochavim Ch. 3:10-11: prohibits drawing angels and heavenly bodies, and allows humans two-dimensionally, and other living things even when they are sculptures.

Toward the end of 141, both the Tur and the Shulchan Aruch cite permission even for sculpting partial humans, like just a head, or a body with no head.

RMB"M Hil Avodas Kochavim Ch. 3:10-11: prohibits drawing angels and heavenly bodies, and allows humans two-dimensionally, and other living things even when they are sculptures.

Toward the end of 141, both the Tur and the Shulchan Aruch cite permission even sculpting partial humans, like just a head, or a body with no head.

RMB"M Hil' Avodas Kochavim Ch. 3:10-11: prohibits drawing angels and heavenly bodies, and allows humans two-dimensionally, and other living things even when they are sculptures.

Toward the end of 141, both the Tur and the Shulchan Aruch cite permission even for sculpting partial humans, like just a head, or a body with no head.

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