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Dec
15
comment Is it said anywhere in the Jewish scriptures that 'Amalek' means “wrung, twisted neck”?
5. I don't know how you exclude any biological element from the identification of 'Amalek because Esau and Jacob were brothers. There may very well be an additional spiritual dimension to 'Amalek that transcends biological identity, but it is fairly clear that it is an actual nation. There's nothing implausible about such a biological identity beginning with the Biblical individual 'Amalek, regardless of the fact that some of his ancestry was holy and righteous.
Dec
15
comment Is it said anywhere in the Jewish scriptures that 'Amalek' means “wrung, twisted neck”?
4. These (presumably homiletical) etymologies provided in early and recent rabbinic literature ("licking nation" and "severed nation," respectively) are mentioned in separate sources and do not appear to be connected.
Dec
15
comment Is it said anywhere in the Jewish scriptures that 'Amalek' means “wrung, twisted neck”?
3. It is worth noting that R' Shneur Zalman of Liadi (mentioned in my answer) proposed the "severed nation" etymology before Gensenius, and they were both preceded by a similar proto-etymology by the Rama MiFano, who noted "malak" ("severed") within the name of that nation (Asara Ma'amaros, Ma'amar Chikur Din 5:5).
Dec
15
comment Is it said anywhere in the Jewish scriptures that 'Amalek' means “wrung, twisted neck”?
2. Your mention of a connection to a snake is not completely implausible, but it is tenuous. Multiple early midrashim mention the same etymology as Philo, comparing that nation to "a dog who came to lick from Israel," not to a snake. Incidentally, the Hebrew word for "lick" in Micha 7:17 is a different word, and Tanach does not use that word exclusively to refer to snakes (see B'midbar 22:4, where Moav feared that Israel would lick up its surroundings like an ox).
Dec
15
comment Is it said anywhere in the Jewish scriptures that 'Amalek' means “wrung, twisted neck”?
A few points regarding your answer (also pinging @msh210): 1. Melika does not mean "crushing"; it means partially severing the neck, particularly the trachea and/or the esophagus, via the back of the neck (Mishna Chullin 19b, as well as the subequent Talmudic discussion on 19b-22a).
Dec
15
comment Use a sink sprayer on Shabas?
@code613 Are you talking about the kind where you squeeze the handle to force the liquid out? It looks to me like the same principle would apply to permit, but CYLOR. I also can't think of a reason why adjusting the knobs would be a problem. If you are using the sprayer outdoors on a windy day, the case is less clear-cut. Also, it would be problematic to spray a scent on a garment or something.
Dec
15
comment If a lady missed the time to light the Shabbat candles, what should she do?
@Yishai If it was the former, I can readily see how no k'nas would be necessary.
Dec
15
comment If a lady missed the time to light the Shabbat candles, what should she do?
@Yishai Was this a single woman who lived in her parents' home and therefore didn't strictly have any obligation to light (but just lit as a minhag)? Or was she living on her own?
Dec
15
comment Jews allowed to pray and join Muslim congregation in Mosques and Experiences
@knowit For one thing, because they believe the "messenger" taught that the Jews' Torah is radically altered from the original, and that the Muslim view regarding the contents of the Torah is correct instead.
Dec
15
comment If a lady missed the time to light the Shabbat candles, what should she do?
@Yishai If they each live on their own, why might it apply to a single man more than to a single woman?
Dec
14
comment If a lady missed the time to light the Shabbat candles, what should she do?
As far as whether a husband can light for his wife (e.g. in some kind of scenario where the wife accepted Shabbos early or was not able to light), the answer is yes, even though it is customary for the wife to light (Shulchan Aruch OC 263:2-3, Mishna B'rura 263:11-12).
Dec
14
comment If a lady missed the time to light the Shabbat candles, what should she do?
Regarding asking a non-Jew to light for you during bein hash'mashos, the source is Shulchan Aruch OC 261:1. Although there are opinions that the electric lights in the house count for Shabbos lights, it appears from the Shulchan Aruch (ad loc.), Mishna B'rura 261:16 (based on Maharshal), and Bei'ur Halacha (ad loc., s.v. להדליק נר) that there would still be cause to ask a non-Jew even if the electric lights technically count.
Dec
14
comment If a lady missed the time to light the Shabbat candles, what should she do?
The Mishna B'rura (261:22) says that some infinitesimal addition to Shabbos is insufficient. Although he doesn't say precisely what is sufficient, he says in the Bei'ur Halacha (ad loc., s.v. "איזה זמן") that the minimum tosefes Shabbos required is definitely not longer than the amount of time it takes to walk 3/4 of a mil (approximately 13.5 minutes). R' Moshe Feinstein (Igros Moshe OC I §96) implies that two minutes would suffice.
Dec
14
comment Why did Yosef cause so much anguish to his family?
Mazal tov! Your explanation (similar to #3 in Matt's answer) is also supported by the S'forno on B'reishis 42:22: "אין החטא הנדרש עתה האכזריות בלבד כאשר חשבתם אבל גם דמו שחטאתם לשפוך דם נקי שלא היה בן מות כאשר חשבתם והנה בלי ספק מת בעבדותו". Reuven rebukes the brothers that they still haven't appreciated the magnitude of their guilt and rectified their behavior. Yosef's goal, as you said, wasn't fulfilled until Yehuda and the brothers demonstrated their utter solidarity with Binyamin. +1.
Dec
14
comment If a lady missed the time to light the Shabbat candles, what should she do?
Somewhat related to your last question about adding candles: judaism.stackexchange.com/q/9648.
Dec
14
comment If a lady missed the time to light the Shabbat candles, what should she do?
@DoubleAA According to Bei'ur Halacha on 261, the fact that the woman may be stressed out over having "not lit" would be sufficient cause to allow a non-Jew to light for her during bein hash'mashos. Presumably this includes even a case where, strictly speaking, there is already plenty of light in the house for Shabbos.
Dec
14
comment If a lady missed the time to light the Shabbat candles, what should she do?
It is permitted for her to have a non-Jew light for her shortly after sunset. Otherwise, she cannot light at all.
Dec
14
comment Retroactive annulment of conversion?
The edited version of this question now appears to be closely related to, or possibly a duplicate of, "Can conversion be revoked?"
Dec
14
comment Is it Halachically permissible to use tefillin peshutim if one cannot afford better tefillin?
Regarding whether there is a separate daily obligation to wear t'fillin: judaism.stackexchange.com/q/59165, judaism.stackexchange.com/q/13575, and chat.stackexchange.com/transcript/23713/2015/5/12. Somewhat related to whether one should delay a mitzva to perform it in a better manner (though there are meaningful halachic differences in that case): judaism.stackexchange.com/q/3265.
Dec
14
answered Is it Halachically permissible to use tefillin peshutim if one cannot afford better tefillin?