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14

The Satmar book, The Rebbe, mentions a different version of that story. The Rebbe is quoted as saying: Had Humphrey spoken to me in support of the Zionist state, it wouldn't have bothered me in the least. We Jews have a Torah which forbids us to have a state during the exile, and therefore we may not ask the Americans to support the state. But a ...


13

No. See the following list from the Rambam of what Mashiach will/must do: In the future, the Messianic king will arise and renew the Davidic dynasty, restoring it to its initial sovereignty. He will build the Temple and gather the dispersed of Israel. Then, in his days, the observance of all the statutes will return to their previous state. We will ...


13

No, and I'll explain why: First, as per this list, only 42.5% of world Jewry was in Israel in 2010, so "most" of the Jews are not in Israel. Second, the exile is a function of lost spirituality, not just physical presence. The return to Zion will end the exile when god decides we are on the spiritual level for the proper return. Simply moving there, while ...


11

Just to clarify the terms: we wouldn't be talking about Herzl's Zionist movement, since that was founded only in 1897, nine years after R. Hirsch's passing. The reference would be to the various "proto-Zionist" groups and ideologies of his time. (As YDK noted, a lot of the leaders of those movements were indeed secular Jews, although it is only fair to note ...


11

On that gemara, artscroll notes Although on the surface this verse discusses the Babylonian exile, which ended long before the time of Rav Yehudah and R Abba, Rav Yehudah understood it as referring to the Jewish people throughout all their various exiles, and as containing a commandment for them to remain in the Diaspora until God gathers them ...


8

Interesting question and it is true that artscroll's biography of R Moshe Feinstein doesn't address the question explicitly. Here are a few relevant statements showing R Moshe's position. From the statements below I perceive a "positive-neutral attitude", for sure without any virulence against the State but also not proactively recommending alyah. One ...


7

The rumor is false. The earliest I can find the phrase 'Shimshon HaGibur' goes back to 1831, long before modern zionism or Hertzl. It can be found in the book צמח דוד Google books also shows other phrases such as Shimshon our Hero from books in 1801, but those are in English and not the exact phrase. I would not be surprised to find it occurring even ...


6

There are no explicit biblical proofs for this. However, there is a fairly famous statement in the גמרא in .כתובות קיא: רבי יוסי ברבי חנינא דאמר ג' שבועות הללו למה אחת שלא יעלו ישראל בחומה ואחת שהשביע הקדוש ברוך הוא את ישראל שלא ימרדו באומות העולם ואחת שהשביע הקדוש ברוך הוא את העובדי כוכבים שלא ישתעבדו בהן בישראל יותר מדאי This דרשא from a פסוק in ...


6

Need to provide sources, but on one foot, I think the best way to describe his position was: "a convenient distance." Zionism wasn't Rav Moshe's raison d'etre; neither was anti-Zionism. When you're thousands of miles away, that's a position you can afford to have. Just for perspective, consider the pragmatic view of his senior peer, R' Yosef Eliyahu Henkin. ...


5

As an example as to why Rabbi Akiva is used as the symbol of Bnei Akiva we have History Beginnings in Israel Bnei Akiva was established in Israel in 1929, as the youth movement of the Religious Zionist Mizrachi organisation, by Yechiel Eliash. The official founding date was set for Lag B’Omer 5689 (28th May 1929), a date associated with Rabbi ...


5

To further Alex's answer: Many forms of proto-Zionism believed that Judaism could only survive with Jews living on their own in their own country; Hirsch fiercely believed that the Jew could live as a good citizen but a foreigner. Hirsch was opposed to most forms of collaboration with non-observant Jews. The teachers of secular studies in his educational ...


4

Firstly, the צמח דוד, referred to in another answer, was actually first printed in 1592. Secondly, the first source I've found is מכילתא דרבי ישמעאל; the term can also be found in סמ"ג, in ספר חסידים, in Maharsha, and in numerous other seforim. On the other hand, the incidence of this term is not particularly frequent. If we replace 'Zionism' with 'Modern ...


3

The title of this question and the text of the question seem to me to be very different, and all of this would have been a comment until it got too long. I'll address the 'premises' of the question first. I don't really see how these assumptions connect to the question, other than the first (which has been strangely numbered '0'), but here it is: 0) The ...


3

It's orally reported (I heard it on a Rabbi Rakeffet mp3) that when Rabbi Moshe Feinstein was asked by Bnai Akiva about Hallel on Yom Ha'atzmaut, he replied: "nu, if it's a yomtov for you, then say Hallel; personally I don't." That may be the spirit you'll find here.


3

Rabbi Hershel Schachter points to the Gemara's observation that King Cyrus of Persia, the son of Queen Esther and King Achashverosh, has his years on the throne counted in some accounts from 1 Nissan (like Jewish kings), and in others from 1 Tishrei (like non-Jewish kings). Though he was the king of Persia, as long as he was sympathetic to Jewish causes (he ...


3

According to Rav Kook, and his son, Israel today is considered the quasi kingdom of Israel for many reasons. I list them here in no particular order. With the signing of the Balfour Declaration, the "three oaths" have been fulfilled, and the Nations of the world (like in the time of Cyrus) told the Jewish people that they are to return home and build ...


3

Ramban considered taking possession of and settling the Land of Israel to be a Torah commandment. He listed it as the fourth positive commandment that, in his view, Rambam neglected to include in his Sefer Hamitzvot. ‏... הכל הוא ממצות עשה הוא שנצטויני לרשת הארץ לשבת בה, א"כ היא מצות עשה לדורות מתחייב כל אחד ממנו ואפילו בזמן גלות ...‏ ... ...


2

Here is an article about Christian Zionism. With Zionism as you defined it in your question, there is a big difference to being a Zionist and being a Jew. With Wikipedia's definition of Zionism, this is a "movement of Jews and Jewish culture" by definition. Someone could ostensibly be a member of Jewish culture and not a Jew (many children of ...


2

The Shas political party, which, until his passing in 2013, was spiritually led by R' Ovadia Yosef ammended its charter in 2010 to adpot the World Zionist Organization's New Jerusalem Program and became a member of the WZO. The New Jerusalem Program promotes: Zionism, the national liberation movement of the Jewish people, brought about the establishment ...


2

In the Torah, Zion is another name for Jerusalem or the Temple Mount, specifically the Chamber of Hewed Stone where the Great Sanhedrin resided. Nowadays, it is a term referring to a political movement based on the settling and building up of the land of Israel by jews. This political movement is divided into two parts, one which is secular, and one which ...


2

The anti-Semites have used the word "Zionist" instead of Jew in order to pretend that they are not anti-Semites (which itself is a way of hiding the original word Judenhass which means Jew hatred). If used as a slur Zionist just shows the ignorance of an anti-Semite. It really means the belief that Jews have the right to return to their homeland of Israel ...


1

The gemara you mention is also quoted in Ketubot (111a) along with "The 3 Oaths" that were made by both Jews and non Jews to God. The Jews would not return to Israel en masse (they would not return "as a wall") The Jews would not rebel against the non Jews The non Jews would not overly oppress the Jews. Rav Aviner wrote a book about various approaches to ...


1

Rav Yoel Teitelbaum held that interaction with the government itself may be a yehareig v'al ya'avor, but the Neturei Karta (N"K) seems to hold that for ALL people in Israel. R'Yoel also wrote that it was assur to visit the mekomos kedusha because it brings hana'ah to the government. I'm primarily going to address the opinion of Satmar: But failing to ...


1

There are many who believe that the State of Israel is the "beginning of the sprouting of the redemption [ie, the very beginning of the Messianic era]," and there are those who believe that the State is a sign that we're much further along in the process. At the very least one could make a strong argument that the "Exile" is over, even if the Messianic era ...


1

Not quite, but maybe. First, some corrections. The exile is by no means a function of lost spirituality. Imagine if all Jews lived in Israel, but they were always sinning and otherwise "lost" in spirituality - would you actually say that they are in exile, despite all living in Israel? Indeed, this was the condition of the Jews throughout much of ...



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